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Table 5 Socio-economic, demographic factors, and beliefs about access and use of contraception associated with access to contraception in a community (Model 3)

From: Social norms, attitudes and access to modern contraception for adolescent girls in six districts in Uganda

Variable Odds Ratio (95 %CI)
Sex (RC = Male)  
Female -
Age of respondent (RC = 15–19)  
20–24 1.32 (0.82–2.13)
25–29 1.33 (0.81–2.19)
30–34 1.73** (1.03–2.91)
35–39 1.12 (0.64–1.96)
40–44 1.34 (0.75–2.39)
45+ 1.32 (0.76–2.30)
Current marital status (RC = Single)  
Married 0.65 (0.42–1.01)
Widowed/ Divorced/ Separated 0.66 (0.37–1.19)
Education (RC = No education)  
Primary 1.38 (0.94–2.01)
Secondary 1.18 (0.76–1.84)
Vocational/ University 1.13 (0.58–2.23)
Religion (RC = Catholic)  
Born again 0.71 (0.49–1.02)
Protestant 0.83 (0.63–1.08)
Traditional 0.37 (0.04–3.01)
Moslem 2.21 (0.97–5.02)
SDA 1.30 (0.50–3.38)
Formally employed in last 3 months (RC = Yes)  
No 0.63** (0.43–0.91)
Consistent use of the condom prevents pregnancy (RC = Disagree)  
Agree 1.17 (0.76–1.81)
It is not easy for women below 20 years to get pregnant (RC = Disagree)  
Agree 0.87 (0.62–1.22)
Belief that withdrawal prevents pregnancy (RC = Disagree)  
Agree 0.45**** (0.35–0.57)
Women or girls have a right to access family planning methods (RC = Disagree)  
Agree 1.18 (0.85–1.65)
A girl who is sexually active can use contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancy (RC = Disagree)  
Agree 1.84**** (1.33–2.53)
Unmarried women or girls should have access to contraception (RC = Disagree)  
Agree 2.15**** (1.61–2.88)
Married women or girls should have access to contraception (RC = Disagree)  
Agree 1.55 (0.99–2.39)
Women know where to obtain contraception for prevention against pregnancy (RC = Disagree)  
Agree 2.35** (1.19–4.65)
Women who carry condoms are promiscuous (RC = Disagree)  
Agree 0.92 (0.70–1.20)
It is not good for girls to know about sexual matters because they will get spoilt (RC = Disagree)  
Agree 0.79 (0.62–1.02)
District of study (RC = Amudat)  
Kaberamaido 2.58** (1.23–5.39)
Kasese 2.62** (1.25–5.47)
Moroto 0.27*** (0.11–0.68)
Pader 4.35**** (2.15–8.79)
Tororo 9.44**** (4.59–19.37)
Constant 0.03**** (0.01–0.09)
Number of observations 2230
Likelihood Ratio Chi-squared (Probability) 713.23 (0.000)
Pseudo R-squared value 0.279
  1. Note: **=p < 0.05; ***=p < 0.01; ****=p < 0.001. Missing cases are not shown. Figures may not add up to 100 % due to rounding errors