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Table 6 Effect parameters for PACIC subscale scores in linear regression models (N = 2,696*)

From: Patients' assessment of care for type 2 diabetes: Results of the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care scale in a Danish population

  Patient activation Delivery system design/decision support Goal setting Problem solving/ contextual counselling Follow-up/ coordination
Estimate P value Estimate P value Estimate P value Estimate P value Estimate P value
Intercept -0.13 0.88 -0.17 0.81 1.52 < 0.001 1.37 < 0.001 -0.17 0.77
Age 0.065 0.007 0.068 < 0.001      0.048 0.006
Age squared -5.7e-4 0.002 -5.5e-4 < 0.001 -8.2e-05 < 0.001 7.5e-05 < 0.001 -4.1e-4 0.002
Men -0.12 0.02         
Living alone -0.12 0.02         
Planning area   0.04   0.008       
 2 -0.069 0.32 -0.11 0.07       
 3 -0.19 0.02 -0.24 < 0.001       
 4 -0.12 0.09 -0.13 0.02       
 5 -0.33 0.02 -0.13 0.28       
Education       0.009     0.009
 Short      -0.066 0.12    -0.10 0.009
 Medium      -0.079 0.35    -0.077 0.33
 Long      -0.24 < 0.001    -0.21 < 0.001
Comorbidities           
 Stroke -0.23 0.04 -0.26 0.005       
 Heart disease    -0.13 0.02       
 Multimorbidity      0.22 0.04 0.29 0.03   
Utilization           
 Annual control visits 0.09 0.01         
 Planned hospitalization    -0.013 0.04       
 Emergency department visits        -0.10 0.01 -0.09 0.002
 GP visits          0.0045 0.009
 Unplanned hospitalizations      0.062 0.007     
 Out patient visits    -0.0048 0.04       
 Readmissions -0.14 .009         
Primary location of diabetes care         
 General practice 0.66 < 0.001 1.13 < 0.001 0.48 < 0.001 0.58 < 0.001 0.45 < 0.001
 Out patient Clinic 1.06 < 0.001 1.30 < 0.001 0.83 < 0.001 0.86 < 0.001 0.67 < 0.001
 Private specialist    0.77 0.02 0.72 < 0.001 0.63 0.05   
 Location of rehabilitation program         
 Education          
  Municipality     0.23 0.005    0.19 0.01
  General practice 0.61 < 0.001 0.59 < 0.001 0.62 < 0.001 0.80 < 0.001 0.50 < 0.001
  Out patient clinic 0.43 < 0.001 0.34 <0.001 0.37 < 0.001 0.35 < 0.001 0.28 < 0.001
 Physical training          
  Municipality 0.32 < 0.001 0.17 0.02 0.17 0.01 0.21 0.008 0.15 0.02
  General practice 0.34 0.004 0.24 0.02 0.31 < 0.001 0.24 0.03   
  Out patient clinic 0.42 < 0.001 0.43 < 0.001 0.43 < 0.001 0.50 < 0.001 0.29 < 0.001
 Dietary advice          
  Municipality 0.42 < 0.001 0.56 < 0.001 0.57 < 0.001 0.51 < 0.001 0.53 < 0.001
  General practice 0.34 < 0.001 0.46 < 0.001 0.38 < 0.001 0.44 < 0.001 0.26 < 0.001
  Out patient clinic 0.37 < 0.001 0.32 < 0.001 0.27 < 0.001 0.31 < 0.001 0.30 < 0.001
  1. * Out of 2,810 respondents, 114 respondents were excluded due to missing completed items, resulting in 2,696 respondents, who completed more than ten items