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Table 2 Availability of ophthalmic equipment at each hospital level

From: Ophthalmic services in Shanghai 2017: a cataract-centric city-wide government survey

Ophthalmic Equipment Coverage Rate (%)
Public Private hospitals
EENT Hospital Other tertiary hospitals Secondary hospitals
Slit lamp 100 100 100 100
Direct ophthalmoscopy 100 100 95.7 100
Indirect ophthalmoscopy 100 76.9 15.2 60
Tonometer Applanation 100 34.6 4.3 20
Schiotz 100 15.4 21.7 20
NCT 100 100 97.8 100
Tonopen 100 11.5 0 40
Perimeter Static 100 73.1 50 100
Goldman 100 19.2 10.9 80
Autorefractor 100 88.5 89.1 100
Fundus camera 100 84.6 84.8 100
Nd Yag laser machine 100 73.1 39.1 80
Laser treatment machine of fundus 100 88.5 47.8 100
Biometry A-ultrasound 100 76.9 71.7 100
IOLmaster 100 69.2 34.8 100
B-ultrasound 100 76.9 73.9 100
UBM 100 53.8 13 100
Lenstar 100 30.8 4.3 0
Ophthalmic operating microscope 100 100 67.4 100
Fluorescence angiography equipment 100 69.2 47.8 100
ICG angiography equipment 100 30.8 13 20
Corneal topographer 100 61.5 23.9 80
OCT Anterior-segment 100 42.3 26.1 50
Glaucoma 100 38.5 21.7 80
Fundus 100 84.6 71.7 100
Visual electrophysiology examination machine 100 61.5 15.2 100
Specular microscope of cornea 100 76.9 47.8 100
Confocal microscope 100 15.4 2.2 20
Wavefront aberrometer 100 26.9 0 20
Contrast sensitivity device 100 26.9 2.2 50
Corneal thickness measuring device 100 46.2 26.1 20
Lens box 100 96.2 84.8 100
Comprehensive refractometer 100 88.5 67.4 100
Quick sterilizer 100 61.5 39.1 100
Excimer laser instrument 100 26.9 2.2 100
Femtosecond laser equipment For refractive surgery 100 23.1 0 100
For cataract surgery 100 3.8 0 80
Phacoemulsification instrument 100 80.8 67.4 100
Vitrectomy instrument 100 61.5 28.3 100
  1. EENT Hospital Eye and Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, NCT non-contact tonometer, Nd Yag neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet, UBM ultrasound biomicroscope, ICG indocyanine green, OCT optical coherence tomography