Skip to main content

Table 1 Healthcare utilisation of total sample and Clusters

From: Driving factors for the utilisation of healthcare services by people with osteoarthritis in Portugal: results from a nationwide population-based study

  Totalf
n (%)
978 (100)
HighUsers
n (%)
343 (35.07)
GPUsers
n (%)
272 (27.80)
LowUsers
n (%)
363 (37.11)
p-value
Cluster Variablesa
 GP Appointments
  0 126 (12.9) 30 (8.7) 0 (0) 96 (26.4) < 0.001d
  1–2 379 (38.8) 112 (32.7) 0 (0) 267 (73.6)
  ≥ 3 473 (48.4) 201 (58.6) 272 (100) 0 (0)
 Physiotherapyb 141 (14.4) 141 (41.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) < 0.001d
 Orthopaedic Surgeonb 192 (19.6) 192 (56.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) < 0.001d
 Hospitalisationb 112 (11.5) 112 (32.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) < 0.001d
Healthcare Use
 GP appointments, mean ± SD 3.14 ± 3.32 3.38 ± 3.38 4.00 ± 1.17 1.27 ± 0.83 < 0.001e
 Other medical appointmentsb
  Rheumatology 56 (5.7) 29 (8.5) 12 (4.4) 15 (4.1) 0.026d
  Physiatry 43 (4.4) 39 (11.4) 4 (1.5) 0 (0) < 0.001d
  Cardiology 136 (13.9) 72 (21.0) 25 (9.2) 39 (10.7) < 0.001d
  Neurology 50 (5.1) 24 (7.0) 17 (6.3) 9 (2.5) 0.015d
  Internal medicine 77 (7.9) 10.8 (37) 24 (8.8) 16 (4.4) 0.006d
  Surgery 71 (7.3) 55 (5.6) 8 (2.9) 8 (2.2) < 0.001d
  Psychiatry 45 (4.6) 19 (5.5) 15 (5.5) 11 (3.0) 0.197d
 Other medical appointmentsc, mean ± SD 2.41 ± 4.35 4.43 ± 6.65 3.82 ± 4.75 1.82 ± 2.70 < 0.001e
 Joint Surgeryb 20 (2.3) 20 (8.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) < 0.001d
 Psychologyb 13 (1.3) 5 (1.5) 1 (0.4) 7 (1.9) 0.228d
 Technical aidsb 18 (1.8) 17 (5.0) 1 (0.4) 0 (0) < 0.001d
  1. Categorical variables are presented as n(%); continuous variables are presented as mean ± standard deviation
  2. GP General Practitioner
  3. aVariables included in the Two Step Cluster procedure.bAt least once in the previous 12 months.cNumber of visits related with the previous 12 months.dChi-square test for independency; eKruskal-Wallis test
  4. fSample Size is not constant due to participants with validated data in the following variables: Joint Surgery (n = 885) and Technical aids (n = 973)