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Table 4 Predisposing and need factors of chronic patients using hospital care by adjusted morbidity groups (AMG) risk levels and sex

From: Use of primary and hospital care health services by chronic patients according to risk level by adjusted morbidity groups

Hospital care users
n (%)
High risk
376 (8.8)
Medium risk
1251 (29.2)
Low risk
2657 (62)
P Female sex
2626 (61.3)
Male sex
1658 (38.7)
p
Predisposing factors
 Female gender 198 (52.7) 794 (63.5) 1634 (61.5)   2626 (61.3) 0  
 Agea 78 (12.2) 71.9 (14.7) 52.4 (19.5) < 0.01 61.2 (20.4) 59,1 (20.4) < 0.01
  <  15 years 1 (0.3) 9 (0.7) 104 (3.9)   52 (2) 62 (3.7) < 0.01
  15–65 years 57 (15.2) 329 (26.3) 1850 (69.6) < 0.01 1344 (51.2) 892 (53.8)
  > 65 years 318 (84.6) 913 (73) 703 (26.5)   1230 (46.8) 704 (42.5)
 Origin Spain 341 (90.1) 1181 (94.4) 2463(92.7) 0.032 2460 (93.7) 1525 (92) 0.01
  Europe 6 (1.6) 23 (1.8) 52 (2)   53 (2) 28 (1.7)
  Rest of the world 29 (7.7) 47 (3.8) 142 (5.3)   113 (4.3) 105 (6.3)
Necessity factors
 Immobilized 96 (25.5) 75 (6) 23 (0.9) < 0.01 138 (5.3) 56 (3.4) < 0.01
 Institutionalized 31 (8.2) 27 (2.2) 30 (1.1) < 0.01 65 (2.5) 23 (1.4) 0.014
 Primary caregiver 80 (21.3) 61 (4.9) 13 (0.5) < 0.01 106 (4) 48 (2.9) 0.051
 Home support 22 (5.9) 24 (1.9) 4 (0.2) < 0.01 31 (1.2) 19 (1.1) 0.92
 Palliative care 25 (6.6) 5 (0.4) 5 (0.2) < 0.01 16 (0.6) 19 (1.1) 0.057
 Complexity weighta 30.6 (12.6) 12.7 (2.7) 4.8 (2.2) < 0.01 9.2 (7.9) 9.7 (9.5) 0.41
 Multimorbidity 372 (98.9) 1207 (96.5) 1566 (58.9) < 0.01 1962 (74.7) 1183 (71.4) 0.015
 Chronic diseasesa 6.9 (2.4) 4.3 (1.5) 2.1 (1.2) < 0.01 3.2 (2.1) 3.01 (2.02) < 0.01
  Anemia 99 (26.3) 115 (9.2) 187 (7) < 0.01 292 (11.1) 109 (6.6) < 0.01
  Anxiety 75 (19.9) 289 (23.1) 661 (24.9) 0.08 732 (27.9) 293 (17.7) < 0.01
  Osteoarthritis 96 (25.5) 325 (26) 217 (8.2) < 0.01 476 (18.1) 162 (9.8) < 0.01
  Asthma 25 (6.6) 120 (9.6) 311 (11.7) < 0.01 315 (12) 141 (8.5) < 0.01
  Ischemic heart disease 92 (24.5) 124 (9.9) 44 (1.7) < 0.01 93 (3.5) 167 (10.1) < 0.01
  Cirrhosis 44 (11.7) 133 (10.6) 94 (3.5) < 0.01 139 (5.3) 132 (8) < 0.01
  Dementia 47 (12.5) 54 (4.3) 26 (1) < 0.01 91 (3.5) 36 (2.2) 0.015
  Depression 88 (23.4) 252 (20.1) 288 (10.8) < 0.01 478 (18.2) 150 (9) < 0.01
  Diabetes mellitus 156 (41.5) 296 (23.7) 178 (6.7) < 0.01 308 (11.7) 322 (19.4) < 0.01
  Dyslipidemia 255 (67.8) 758 (60.6) 904 (34) < 0.01 1134 (43.2) 783 (47.2) 0.01
  Dysrhythmias 166 (44.1) 211 (16.9) 72 (2.7) < 0.01 257 (9.8) 192 (11.6) 0.062
  COPD 95 (25.3) 124 (9.9) 56 (2.1) < 0.01 114 (4.3) 161 (9.7) < 0.01
  Glaucoma 39 (10.4) 106 (8.5) 102 (3.8) < 0.01 161 (6.1) 86 (5.2) 0.197
  Hypertension 316 (84) 828 (66.2) 698 (26.3) < 0.01 1084 (41.3) 758 (45.7) < 0.01
  Stroke 80 (21.3) 69 (5.5) 28 (1.1) < 0.01 98 (3.7) 79 (4.8) 0.098
  Heart failure 110 (29.3) 67 (5.4) 6 (0.2) < 0.01 117 (4.5) 66 (4) 0.45
  Chronic kidney disease 84 (22.3) 26 (2.1) 6 (0.2) < 0.01 58 (2.2) 58 (3.5) 0.011
  Active neoplasia 144 (38.3) 137 (11) 60 (2.3) < 0.01 156 (5.9) 185 (11.2) < 0.01
  Obesity 112 (29.8) 322 (25.7) 379 (14.3) < 0.01 495 (18.8) 318 (19.2) 0.789
  Thyroid disorder 91 (24.2) 279 (22.3) 442 (16.6) < 0.01 671 (25.6) 141 (8.5) < 0.01
  HIV 5 (1.3) 7 (0.6) 28 (1.1) 0.22 4 (0.2) 36 (2.2) < 0.01
 Polymedication 307 (81.6) 541 (43.2) 225 (8.5) < 0.01 708 (27) 365 (22) < 0.01
  1. aMean (standard deviation)