Skip to main content

Table 3 Predisposing and need factors of chronic patients using primary care (PC) by adjusted morbidity groups (AMG) risk levels and sex

From: Use of primary and hospital care health services by chronic patients according to risk level by adjusted morbidity groups

PC users
n (%)
High risk
439 (5.3)
Medium risk
1746 (21.2)
Low risk
6041 (73.4)
P Female sex
5201 (63.2)
Male sex
3025 (36.8)
p
Predisposing factors
 Female gender 232 (52.8) 1131 (64.8) 3838 (63.5) < 0.01 100 0 -
 Agea 77.8 (12.8) 72.3 (14.9) 51.7 (20.1) < 0.01 58.56 (20.9) 55.7 (21.3) < 0.01
 <  15 years 1 (0.2) 13 (0.7) 289 (4.8)   135 (2.6) 168 (5.6) < 0.01
  18–65 years 68 (15.5) 443 (25.4) 4132 (68.4) < 0.01 2906 (55.9) 1737 (57.4)
  >  65 years 370 (84.3) 1290 (73.9) 1620 (26.8)   2160 (41.5) 1120 (37)
 Origin Spain 383 (87.2) 1542 (88.3) 4973 (82.3)   4363 (83.9) 2535 (83.8) 0.1
  Europe 8 (1.8) 45 (2.6) 203 (3.4) < 0.01 176 (3.4) 80 (2.6)
  Rest of the world 48 (10.9) 169 (9.1) 865 (14.3)   662 (12.7) 410 (13.6)
Need factors
 Immobilized 123 (28) 125 (7.2) 47 (0.8) < 0.01 222 (4.3) 73 (2.4) < 0.01
 Institutionalized 42 (9.6) 51 (2.9) 64 (1.1) < 0.01 119 (2.3) 38 (1.3) < 0.01
 Primary caregiver 100 (22.8) 101 (5.8) 26 (0.4) < 0.01 164 (3.2) 63 (2.1) < 0.01
 Home support 27 (6.2) 38 (2.2) 13 (0.2) < 0.01 58 (1.1) 20 (0.7) 0.04
 Palliative care 28 (6.4) 6 (0.3) 8 (0.1) < 0.01 19 (0.4) 23 (0.8) 0.01
 Complexity weighta 30.4 (12.5) 12.47 (2.7) 4.36 (2.2) < 0.01 7. 3 (6.7) 7.7 (8.3) 0.02
 Multimorbidity 436 (99.3) 1,687 (96.6) 3318 (54.9) < 0.01 3508 (67.4) 1933 (63.9) < 0.01
 Chronic diseasesa 6.7 (2.4) 4.3 (1.5) 1.9 (1.1) < 0.01 2.8 (1.9) 2.6 (1.8) < 0.01
  Anemia 116 (26.4) 163 (9.3) 484 (8) < 0.01 593 (11.4) 170 (5.6) < 0.01
  Anxiety 84 (19.1) 417 (23.9) 1461 (24.2) < 0.01 1438 (27.6) 524 (17.3) < 0.01
  Osteoarthritis 108 (24.6) 424 (24.3) 464 (7.7) < 0.01 771 (14.8) 225 (7.4) < 0.01
  Asthma 26 (5.9) 166 (9.5) 661 (10.9) 0,06 550 (10.6) 303 (10) 0.4
  Ischemic heart disease 109 (24.8) 168 (9.6) 77 (1.3) < 0.01 131 (2.5) 223 (7.4) < 0.01
  Cirrhosis 50 (11.4) 184 (10.5) 198 (3.3) < 0.01 227 (4.4) 205 (6.8) < 0.01
  Dementia 55 (12.5) 90 (5.2) 61 (1) < 0.01 160 (3.1) 46 (1.5) < 0.01
  Depression 101 (23) 382 (21.9) 625 (10.3) < 0.01 862 (16.6) 246 (8.1) < 0.01
  Diabetes mellitus 187 (42.6) 425 (24.3) 2016 (33.4) < 0.01 515 (9.9) 489 (16.2) < 0.01
  Dyslipidemia 296 (67.4) 1065 (61) 2016 (33.4) < 0.01 2028 (39) 1349 (44.6) < 0.01
  Dysrhythmias 189 (43.1) 296 (17) 166 (2.7) < 0.01 348 (7.4) 267 (8.8) 0.02
  COPD 108 (24.6) 164 (9.4) 102 (1.7) < 0.01 165 (3.2) 209 (6.9) < 0.01
  Glaucoma 44 (10) 155 (8.9) 175 (2.9) < 0.01 125 (4.1) 249 (4.8) 0.2
  Hypertension 362 (82.5) 1177 (67.4) 1590 (26.3) < 0.01 1872 (36) 1257 (41.6) < 0.01
  Stroke 91 (20.7) 110 (6.3) 54 (0.9) < 0.01 141 (2.7) 114 (3.8) < 0.01
  Heart failure 122 (27.8) 99 (5.7) 13 (0.2) < 0.01 147 (2.8) 87 (2.9) 0.9
  Chronic kidney disease 96 (21.9) 36 (2.1) 9 (0.1) < 0.01 70 (1.3) 71 (2.3) < 0.01
  Active neoplasia 165 (37.6) 178 (10.2) 108 (1.8) < 0.01 288 (4.4) 223 (7.4) < 0.01
  Obesity 131 (29.8) 455 (26.1) 822 (13.6) < 0.01 861 (16.6) 547 (18.1) 0.08
  Thyroid disorder 107 (24.4) 399 (22.9) 958 (15.9) < 0.01 1227 (23.6) 237 (7.8) < 0.01
  HIV 5 (1.1) 11 (0.6) 30 (0.5) 0.3 7 (0.1) 39 (1.3) < 0.01
 Polymedication 348 (79.3) 767 (43.9) 466 (7.7) < 0.01 1090 (21) 491 (16.2) < 0.01
  1. aMean (standard deviation)