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Table 2 Predisposing and need factors of chronic patients according to their use of Primary Care (PC) or Hospital care (HC) services

From: Use of primary and hospital care health services by chronic patients according to risk level by adjusted morbidity groups

Use of services
n (%)
Use of PC services
8226 (98.7)
95% CI Use of HC services
4284 (51.4)
95% CI
Predisposing factors
 Female gender 5201 (63.2) 62.2–64.3 2626 (61.3) 59.8–62.7
 Agea 57.5 (21.1) 57.0–58.0 60.4 (20.4) 59.8–70.0
  <  15 years 303 (3.7) 3.3–4.1 114 (2.7) 2.1–3.1
  15–65 years 4643 (56.4) 55.4–57.5 2236 (52.2) 50.7–53.7
  >  65 years 3280 (39.9) 38.2–40.9 1934 (45) 43.6–46.6
 Origin Spain 6898 (83.9) 83.1–84.6 3,85 (93) 92.2–93.4
  Europe 256 (3.1) 2.7–3.5 81 (1.9) 1.5–2.3
  Rest of the world 1072 (13.0) 12.3–13.8 218 (5.1) 4.4–5.7
Need factors
 Immobilized 295 (3.6) 3.2–4.0 194 (4.5) 3.9–5.1
 Institutionalized 157 (1.9) 1.6–2.2 88 (2.1) 1.6–2.5
 Primary caregiver 227 (2.8) 2.4–3.1 154 (3.6) 3.0–4.1
 Home support 78 (0.9) 0.7–1.1 50 (1.2) 0.8–1.5
 Palliative care 42 (0.5) 0.3–0.7 35 (0.8) 0.5–1.1
 Complexity weighta 7.5 (7.3) 7.3–7.6 9.4 (8.6) 9.1–9.6
 High risk 439 (5.3) 4.8–5.8 376 (8.8) 7.9–9.6
 Medium risk 1746 (21.2) 20.3–22.1 1251 (29.2) 27.8–30.6
 Low risk 6041 (73.4) 72.2–74.4 2657 (62) 60.6–63.5
 Multimorbidity 5541 (66.1) 65.1–67.2 3145 (73.4) 72.1–74.7
 Chronic diseasesa 2.7 (1.88) 2.6–2.8 3.1 (2.1) 3.0–3.2
  Anemia 763 (9.3) 8.6–9.9 401 (9.4) 8.5–10.2
  Anxiety 1962 (23.9) 22.9–24.8 1025 (23.9) 22.6–25.2
  Osteoarthritis 996 (12.1) 11.4–12.8 638 (14.9) 13.8–15.9
  Asthma 853 (10.4) 9.7–11.0 456 (10.6) 9.7–11.6
  Ischemic heart disease 354 (4.3) 3.8–4.7 260 (6.1) 5.3–6.8
  Cirrhosis 432 (5.3) 4.8–5.7 271 (6.3) 5.5–7
  Dementia 206 (2.5) 2.2–2.8 127 (3) 2.4–3.5
  Depression 1108 (13.5) 12.7–14.2 628 (14.7) 13.6–15.7
  Diabetes mellitus 1004 (12.2) 11.5–12.9 630 (14.7) 13.6–15.8
  Dyslipidemia 3377 (41.1) 40.0–42.1 1917 (44.7) 43.2–46.2
  Dysrhythmias 651 (7.9) 7.3–8.5 449 (10.5) 9.6–11.4
  COPD 374 (4.5) 4.1–5.0 275 (6.4) 5.7–7.1
  Glaucoma 374 (4.5) 4.1–5.0 247 (5.8) 5.1–6.5
  Hypertension 3129 (38) 3.0–39.1 1842 (43) 41.5–44.4
  Stroke 255 (3.1) 2.7–3.5 177 (4.1) 3.5–4.7
  Heart failure 234 (2.8) 2.5–3.2 183 (4.3) 3.7–4.9
  Chronic kidney disease 141 (1.7) 1.4–2.0 116 (2.7) 2.2–3.2
  Active neoplasia 451 (5.5) 5.0–6.0 341 (8) 7.1–8.8
  Obesity 1408 (17.1) 16.3–18.0 813 (19) 17.8–20.0
  Thyroid disorder 1464 (17.8) 17.0–18.6 812 (19) 17.8–20.0
  HIV 46 (0.6) 0.5–0.7 40 (0.9) 0.6–1.2
 Polymedication 1581 (19.2) 18.4–20.1 1073 (25) 23.7–26.3
  1. aMean (standard deviation)