Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of papers identified during the literature search

From: Estimating population-based coverage of reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) interventions from health management information systems: a comprehensive review

Reference (year) country Indicator(s) Denominator Numerator Coverage estimate Data quality approach
Agyepong et al. (1999) Ghana BCG, Measles, DTP3 & OPV3 vaccination From health department Reports from district health department Took the coverage reported by the local health department No reports on data quality assessment or adjustment
Assegaai et al. (2018) South Africa ANC attendance, Measles vaccination, vitamin A, contraceptive coverage Census projections
(Population aged < 1 year, 1–5 years & 15–49 years, respectively
Count of individuals who received the service Divided adjusted numerator by denominator Adjusted for missing reports and outliers
Audureau et al. (2013) 15 African countries) Anti-retro viral drugs for PMTCT Number of women attending ANC multiplied by HIV seroprevalence at each site Number of women receiving ART at each site Divided numerator by denominator No reports on data quality checks or adjustment
Bhatnagar et al. (2016) India DTP3 vaccination Used a combination of subnational routine coverage reports together with available coverage estimates from surveys to estimate national level immunization coverage Sum of weighted state immunization coverage The goal was to estimate national level immunization coverage using the WUENIC method, assessed and made several assumptions on missing data and outliers
Borgdorff and Walker (1988) Zimbabwe Measles vaccination & ANC attendance Census projections: crude birth rate, number of children under 12 months of age Number of immunizations administered, number of ANC attendance Divided numerators by denominators No reports on data quality checks, missing reports or adjustments
Delvaux et al. (2011) Cambodia HIV & Syphilis testing among pregnant women, ANC, facility deliveries, family planning Census projection: crude birth rate, women of reproductive age Number of pregnant women tested for HIV & Syphilis, number of pregnant women attending at least one ANC visit Divided numerator by denominator Reported checking for data quality but no reports on handling quality challenges, missingness, outliers, etc.
Dunkle et al. (2014) Nigeria DTP3 vaccination Census projections: reported number of live births Doses of DTP3 and Measles administered Divided numerator by denominator Assessed for incomplete reporting, outliers, inconsistencies, but did not do anything to address the identified challenges in the analysis
Haddad et al. (2010) Burkina Faso DTP3 & Measles vaccination Census projection Number of children 0–11 who received the antigen Divided numerator by denominator Discussed the limitations and data quality issues but did not do anything to address the identified challenges in the analysis
Jeffery et al. (2018) Madagasca & Benin Polio vaccination & Vitamin A Census projection: coverage from previous campaign Number of children (6–11 months and 12–59 months) who received Polio vaccine and Vitamin A supplement, respectively Combined coverage from routine and survey data using a hybrid estimator The hybrid estimator is a weighted average of the reported coverage from routine and survey data, the hybrid estimator produces standard errors and 95 % confidence intervals
Lacapere et al. (2011) Haiti Measles, Rubella, Polio vaccination & Vitamin A Census projections Number of people who received the vaccine or supplement Divided numerator by denominator Assessed for data quality during implementation of the campaign not at the analytical stage
Maina et al. (2017) Kenya Pentavalent vaccine, ANC visit, health facility delivery, C-section Census projections, surveys, coverage of related indicators Reported number of people who received the intervention of interest Divided adjusted numerators by the different denominators Did extensive data quality assessment and adjusted for the various quality issues
Mensah et al. (2019) Madagascar Measles vaccination Census projections Number of doses administered Divided numerator by denominator No reports on data quality assessment or adjustment
Nanyunja et al. (2003) Uganda Measles vaccination Census projections Number of doses administered Divided numerator by denominator Assessed for incomplete reporting but did not adjust that in coverage estimate
Saito et al. (2018) 7 East and Southern African countries Pediatric HIV treatment Estimated number of children living with HIV (from survey) Number of HIV positive children on ART (from routine data) Divided numerator by denominator Assessed and adjusted for missing routine data
Vivancos & Martinez (2008) Uganda DTP1 & DTP3 vaccination Census projections Number of doses administered Divided numerator by denominator Did not report data quality assessment or adjustment
Wandera et al. (2018) Kenya Rotavirus vaccination Census projections Number of children immunized Divided numerator by denominator Did not report data quality assessment or adjustment
Wandera et al. (2017) Kenya Rotavirus vaccination Census projections Number of children immunized Divided numerator by denominator Did not report data quality assessment or adjustment
Zuber et al. (2003) Burkina Faso   Census projections: used coverage from previous campaigns and adjust using census information Number of doses administered Divided numerator by denominator Did not report data quality assessment or adjustment
  1. DTP: diptheria, Tetanus, pertussis; ANC: Antenatal care; HIV: Human immuno-deficiency virus; OPV: oral polio vaccine; BCG: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin; PMTCT: prevention of mother to child transmission