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Table 3 Association between catastrophic costs and baseline characteristics for the entire episode of TB

From: Socio-protective effects of active case finding on catastrophic costs from tuberculosis in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam: a longitudinal patient cost survey

Baseline characteristics Catastrophic cost incurrencec
N (%)d
Crude
OR (95 %CI)
Adjustede
OR (95 %CI)
Case finding model
  PCFa 13/44 (30) 1.00 1.00
  ACF 8/52 (15) 0.43 (0.16–1.17) 0.17 (0.05–0.67)*
Sex
  Femalea 6/35 (30) 1.00 1.00
  Male 15/61 (25) 1.58 (0.55–4.52) 1.65 (0.49–5.53)
Age categoryb
  ≤50 yearsa 9/51 (18) 1.00 1.00
  >50 years 12/45 (27) 1.70 (0.64–4.51) 2.09 (0.67–6.52)
Education level
  Up to primary school onlya 11/33 (33) 1.00 1.00
  Secondary school and above 10/63 (16) 0.38 (0.14–1.02) 0.15 (0.04–0.60)*
Employment status
  Unemployeda 4/25 (16) 1.00 1.00
  Employed 17/71 (24) 1.65 (0.50–5.49) 4.14 (0.83–20.76)
Social Health Insurance status
  Uninsureda 5/20 (25) 1.00 1.00
  Insured 16/76 (21) 0.80 (0.25–2.53) 0.78 (0.19–3.23)
  1. aReferent;
  2. bAge>50 years (mean age for pooled sample);
  3. cN=96;
  4. dDenotes participants that incurred catastrophic costs over the total number of people in a given subgroup;
  5. eMultivariate logistic regression incorporating all shown patient covariates (i.e., case finding model, sex, etc.) as exposure parameters for the model
  6. * Statistically significant difference at 95 % confidence level