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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants

From: Pharmacist-led intervention in treatment non-adherence and associated direct costs of management among ambulatory patients with type 2 diabetes in southwestern Nigeria

Demographics/clinical characteristics UCH
(n = 126)
FMC
(n = 75)
Total
(n = 201)
Frequency (%) Frequency (%) Total (%)
Gender
 Male 31 (24.6) 10 (13.3) 41 (20.4)
 Female 95 (75.4) 65 (86.7%) 160 (79.6)
Age (year)
 Mean 64.9 ± 11.36 59.6 ± 11.41 62.9 ± 11.6
Educational qualification
 No formal education 20 (15.9) 14 (18.7) 34 (16.9)
 Primary 38 (30.2) 17 (22.7) 55 (27.4)
 Secondary 21 (16.7) 14 (18.7) 35 (17.4)
 Tertiary 47 (37.3) 30 (40.0) 77 (38.3)
Occupation
 Retiree 64 (50.8) 18 (24.0) 82 (40.8)
 Self-employed (Artisan, petty traders, remittance, Other self-engaged jobs) 41(32.5) 37 (49.3) 78 (38.8)
 Civil servant 8 (6.3) 12 (16.0) 20 (10.0)
 Unemployed 11 (8.7) 5 (6.7) 16 (79.6)
 Employed in a private firm 2 (1.6) 3 (4.0) 5 (2.5)
Marital status
 Married 112 (88.9) 72 (96.0) 184 (91.5)
 Divorce 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Widow/widower 14 (11.1) 3 (4.0) 17 (8.5)
Monthly income (USD)
  < 66.0 25 (19.8) 10 (13.3) 35 (17.4)
 66.0–165.0 63 (50.0) 32 (42.7) 45 (47.3)
 165.1–247.5 17 (13.5) 13 (17.3) 30 (14.9)
 247.6–330.0 5 (4.0) 5 (6.7) 10 (5.0)
  > 330.0 16 (12.7) 15 (20.0) 31 (15.4)
 Mean monthly income ±SD (USD) 164.9 ± 214.6 230.3 ± 305.4 189.3 ± 253.5
Year of diagnosis
 Mean ± SD 11.4 ± 8.95 6.75 ± 7.21 9.65 ± 8.62
  < 5 33 (36.2) 42 (56.0) 75 (37.3)
 5–9 23 (18.3) 11 (14.7) 34 (16.9)
  ≥ 10 70 (55.6) 22 (29.3) 92 (45.8)
Family history of hypertension
 Yes 52 (41.3) 21 (28.0) 73 (36.3)
 No 45 (35.7) 24 (32.0) 69 (34.3)
 Don’t know 29 (23.0) 30 (40.0) 59 (29.4)
Family history of DM
 Yes 27 (21.4) 24 (32.0) 51 (25.4)
 No 60 (47.6) 20 (26.7) 80 (39.8)
 Don’t know 39 (31.0) 31 (41.3) 70 (34.8)
  1. USD = United States of America Dollar, SD = Standard Deviation, UCH = University College Hospital, FMC = Federal Medical Centre, DM = Diabetes Mellitus, 1USD = ₦303