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Table 3 Characterisation of cases referred during the intrapartum period, NDHS 2018

From: Critical comparative analysis of data sources toward understanding referral during pregnancy and childbirth: three perspectives from Nigeria

  Among referred cases    
n = 208     
% 95%CI    
Facility of origin
 Government hospital 21.9 15.8–29.5    
 Government lower-level facility 58.4 50.6–65.9    
 All private sector 19.7 14.0–27.0    
Facility type where woman gave birth
 Government hospital 50.4 41.6–59.1    
 Government lower-level facility 9.4 6.1–14.4    
 All private sector 40.2 31.9–49.1    
Means of transport
 Ambulance 3.4 1.1–10.1    
 Private car/taxi 62.8 54.3–10.6    
 Other motorised transport 30.2 23.0–38.4    
 Other 3.6 0.7–16.3    
Accompanied by a healthcare professional
 Yes 24.9 17.8–33.6    
  Among referred cases Among non-referred facility-based births  
  n = 208   13,254   
  % 95%CI % 95%CI  
Birth by caesarean section 50.4 41.4–59.4 6.2 5.5–7.0 p < 0.001
Early neonatal death 5.4 3.1–9.3 3.8 3.3–4.4 p = 0.217