Skip to main content

Table 2 Description of live births in the five-years before the survey, according to location of birth and referral status, NDHS 2018

From: Critical comparative analysis of data sources toward understanding referral during pregnancy and childbirth: three perspectives from Nigeria

  Location of births Referrals
% of all births in health facilities % of all births in government hospitals % of all facility births which are in government hospitals % of births in health facilities which came from referrals % of births in government hospitals which came from referrals % of all referrals which resulted in a birth in a government hospital
n 34,193   34,193   13,462   13,462   4490   208  
  % 95%CI % 95%CI % 95%CI % 95%CI % 95%CI % 95%CI
Overall 39.4% 37.8–41.0 13.1% 12.3–14.0 33.4% 31.7–35.0 1.5% 1.3–1.8 2.3% 1.8–3.0 50.4% 41.6–59.1
Region
 North Central 49.2% 45.9–52.5 21.2% 19.2–23.3 43.0% 40.0–46.2 0.9% 0.6–1.5 1.3% 0.7–2.5 59.4% 44.1–73.1
 North East 25.4% 22.5–28.5 10.5% 8.6–12.6 41.2% 35.6–47.0 1.9% 1.2–2.9 3.9% 2.3–6.4 85.0% 64.7–94.6
 North West 15.6% 13.6–17.7 9.6% 8.2–11.2 61.5% 56.8–66.0 2.2% 1.5–3.2 2.0% 1.2–3.4 57.3% 35.1–77.0
 South East 81.8% 78.5–84.7 10.2% 8.5–12.1 12.5% 10.5–14.8 1.2% 0.8–1.7 1.0% 0.4–2.8 10.8% 3.6–28.1
 South South 50.2% 46.2–54.2 15.7% 13.3–18.5 31.3% 26.8–36.2 1.8% 1.0–3.2 2.5% 1.3–5.1 44.5% 19.8–72.3
 South West 76.3% 73.2–79.2 19.2% 17.2–21.4 25.1% 22.8–27.6 1.7% 1.2–2.3 3.2% 2.0–5.1 49.1% 21.3–67.0
Residence
 Urban 61.1% 58.4–63.6 20.7% 19.1–22.3 33.8% 31.7–36.1 1.6% 1.3–2.0 2.0% 1.5–2.8 43.4% 32.3–55.2
 Rural 25.8% 24.2–27.5 8.4% 7.6–9.3 32.7% 30.2–35.3 1.5% 1.1–1.9 2.8% 2.0–3.9 61.5% 48.5–73.1
Maternal education
 No education 13.8% 12.7–15.1 5.8% 5.1–6.5 41.6% 38.4–44.9 2.0% 1.3–2.9 2.9% 1.7–4.7 60.6% 40.7–77.6
 Primary 40.5% 38.3–42.8 13.6% 12.0–15.3 33.5% 30.0–37.2 1.3% 0.9–2.0 2.0% 1.1–3.7 51.3% 30.9–71.4
 Secondary 64.6% 62.7–66.5 18.6% 17.3–20.1 28.2% 26.8–30.9 1.4% 1.1–1.7 2.3% 1.6–3.3 48.7% 36.0–61.5
 Higher 87.7% 85.6–89.5 33.5% 31.0–36.2 38.2% 35.3–41.2 1.9% 1.3–2.8 2.1% 1.3–3.4 43.6% 25.5–63.5
Household wealth quintile
 Poorest 11.6% 10.2–13.1 3.7% 3.0–4.4 31.6% 27.5–36.0 1.7% 0.8–3.6 2.5% 0.6–10.3 46.2% 13.3–82.8
 Poor 21.1% 19.1–23.2 6.7% 5.7–7.9 31.9% 28.1–35.9 1.8% 1.2–2.7 4.1% 2.5–6.7 74.2% 53.1–87.9
 Middle 40.3% 37.6–43.0 14.0% 12.7–15.5 34.8% 31.7–38.1 1.6% 1.1–2.1 2.4% 1.5–3.8 53.5% 37.1–69.2
 Richer 59.2% 56.7–61.6 20.0% 18.3–21.8 33.8% 30.9–36.8 1.7% 1.2–2.3 1.9% 1.2–2.9 38.9% 24.1–56.1
 Richest 79.5% 77.0–81.8 26.2% 24.2–28.4 33.0% 30.4–35.6 1.3% 1.0–1.8 2.0% 1.3–3.1 49.2% 33.3–65.3
  1. *Variables shown in bold denote chi-square test p < 0.05