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Table 5 EQ-5D-5L utility scores by educational level

From: Health care utilization and health-related quality of life of injury patients: comparison of educational groups

  Total Educational level p-value
Low Middle High  
EQ-5D-5L utility scores, mean (SD)
Total 0.76 (0.24) 0.73 (0.26) 0.78 (0.24) 0.81 (0.20) <0.001
Age      
 25-44 0.84 (0.19) 0.73 (0.27) 0.84 (0.19) 0.88 (0.13) 0.001
 45-64 0.79 (0.23) 0.77 (0.23) 0.79 (0.23) 0.81 (0.21) 0.134
 ≥65 years 0.73 (0.26) 0.71 (0.27) 0.74 (0.26) 0.78 (0.22) <0.001
Sex      
 Male 0.80 (0.21) 0.77 (0.23) 0.81 (0.22) 0.83 (0.19) <0.001
 Female 0.73 (0.81) 0.70 (0.27) 0.74 (0.25) 0.79 (0.21) <0.001
Type of injury      
 Head 0.82 (0.22) 0.78 (0.24) 0.84 (0.23) 0.85 (0.19) 0.008
 Spinal cord 0.71 (0.25) 0.66 (0.29) 0.73 (0.25) 0.79 (0.13) 0.039
 Thoracic 0.83 (0.21) 0.77 (0.24) 0.88 (0.18) 0.88 (0.15) 0.011
 Pelvic/hip 0.67 (0.25) 0.66 (0.25) 0.67 (0.27) 0.69 (0.25) 0.401
 Upper extremity 0.80 (0.21) 0.78 (0.22) 0.79 (0.23) 0.84 (0.19) <0.001
 Lower extremity 0.72 (0.26) 0.67 (0.29) 0.75 (0.24) 0.79 (0.21) <0.001
Number of injuries      
 1 0.76 (0.24) 0.72 (0.26) 0.78 (0.24) 0.81 (0.20) <0.001
 2 0.77 (0.24) 0.73 (0.25) 0.79 (0.24) 0.82 (0.21) <0.001
 ≥3 0.77 (0.23) 0.73 (0.26) 0.77 (0.24) 0.82 (0.17) 0.066
Hospitalization      
 Not hospitalized 0.82 (0.22) 0.78 (0.24) 0.82 (0.22) 0.85 (0.17) <0.001
 Hospitalized 0.72 (0.26) 0.68 (0.27) 0.74 (0.25) 0.76 (0.22) <0.001
  1. Abbreviation: SD standard deviation