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Table 4 Association between health care utilization (no/yes) and educational level, binary logistic regression analysis

From: Health care utilization and health-related quality of life of injury patients: comparison of educational groups

  Hospitalization 6-month health care utilization after dischargea
Outpatient Specialist Outpatient rehabilitation General practitioner Physiotherapist Psychologist Nursing care at home
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Unadjusted
 Educational level (low)
  Middle 0.72*
(0.59;0.88)
1.06
(0.87;1.30)
0.76
(0.54;1.08)
1.25*
(1.02;1.53)
1.00
(0.82;1.22)
0.84
(0.57;1.23)
0.49*
(0.38;0.63)
  High 0.62*
(0.52;0.75)
1.14
(0.94;1.39)
0.71*
(0.51;1.00)
1.18
(0.96;1.43)
1.05
(0.87;1.28)
0.71
(0.48;1.05)
0.39*
(0.30;0.51)
Adjustedb
 Educational level (low)
  Middle 0.87
(0.69;1.10)
1.07
(0.85;1.34)
0.92
(0.63;1.34)
1.41*
(1.13;1.75)
1.13
(0.90;1.42)
0.83
(0.55;1.26)
0.83
(0.61;1.12)
  High 0.80*
(0.63;1.00)
1.11
(0.89;1.39)
0.90
(0.62;1.31)
1.38*
(1.11;1.72)
1.19
(0.95;1.49)
0.76
(0.50;1.17)
0.66*
(0.49;0.90)
  1. Abbreviations: GP general practitioner, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio
  2. a≥1 visit/contact within 6 months after injury
  3. bAdjusted for age, sex, marital status, comorbidity status and cause of trauma, type of injury and number of injuries. 6-month health care utilization was additionally adjusted for length of hospital stay as proxy for injury severity.
  4. *P<0.05