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Table 3 Hospitalization and 6-month post-discharge health care utilization related to trauma for different health care services, by age and educational level

From: Health care utilization and health-related quality of life of injury patients: comparison of educational groups

Characteristic Total Educational level p-value
Low
(n = 1249, 47.9%)
Middle
(n = 635, 24.4%)
High
(n = 722, 27.7%)
Hospitalization, n (%) a
 25–44 years 106 (35.7) 23 (50.0) 43 (41.7) 40 (27.0) 0.005
 45–64 years 397 (42.6) 152 (45.1) 125 (41.4) 120 (40.8) 0.490
  ≥ 65 years 757 (58.1) 493 (59.3) 120 (57.1) 144 (55.0) 0.438
Outpatient specialist visits, n (%) b
 25–44 years 179 (60.9) 27 (60.0) 58 (56.9) 94 (63.9) 0.526
 45–64 years 620 (67.2) 221 (67.4) 200 (67.3) 199 (67.0) 0.994
  ≥ 65 years 743 (60.3) 454 (59.4) 126 (60.3) 163 (62.7) 0.649
Outpatient rehabilitation, n (%) c
 25–44 years 32 (10.7) 11 (25.0) 13 (12.6) 8 (5.3) 0.001
 45–64 years 68 (7.3) 32 (9.4) 19 (6.3) 17 (5.8) 0.150
  ≥ 65 years 127 (10.5) 78 (10.4) 19 (9.3) 30 (11.9) 0.659
General practitioner visits, n (%) d
 25–44 years 103 (34.0) 18 (38.3) 38 (36.2) 47 (31.1) 0.558
 45–64 years 317 (34.0) 102 (30.1) 107 (35.3) 108 (37.4) 0.135
  ≥ 65 years 437 (34.7) 256 (32.6) 87 (40.3) 94 (36.6) 0.087
Physiotherapist visits, n (%) e
 25–44 years 152 (51.5) 25 (55.6) 55 (53.9) 72 (48.6) 0.601
 45–64 years 528 (57.4) 181 (54.2) 167 (56.6) 180 (61.9) 0.146
  ≥ 65 years 645 (53.6) 407 (54.5) 107 (51.4) 131 (52.8) 0.710
Psychologist visits, n (%) f
 25–44 years 31 (10.3) 9 (19.1) 11 (10.5) 11 (7.2) 0.066
 45–64 years 57 (6.0) 30 (8.6) 13 (4.2) 14 (4.7) 0.035
  ≥ 65 years 82 (6.3) 52 (6.3) 16 (7.3) 14 (5.2) 0.616
Nursing care at home, n (%) g
 25–44 years 15 (5.0) 4 (8.5) 7 (6.7) 4 (2.7) 0.172
 45–64 years 118 (12.5) 53 (15.7) 35 (11.4) 30 (10.1) 0.079
  ≥ 65 years 350 (29.4) 243 (33.3) 52 (25.9) 55 (21.3) 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: GP general practitioner, SD standard deviation, IQR inter quartile range
  2. a73 missing values (2.8%)
  3. b157 missing values (6.0%)
  4. c164 missing values (6.3%)
  5. d114 missing values (4.4%)
  6. e188 missing values (7.2%)
  7. f40 missing values (1.5%)
  8. g175 missing values (6.7%)