Skip to main content

Table 2 Six-month post-discharge health care utilization related to trauma for different health care services, by educational level

From: Health care utilization and health-related quality of life of injury patients: comparison of educational groups

Characteristic Total
(N = 2606)
Educational level p-value
Low
(n = 1249, 47.9%)
Middle
(n = 635, 24.4%)
High
(n = 722, 27.7%)
Outpatient specialist visit, n (%) a      0.768
 None 907 (37.0) 435 (38.3) 224 (36.8) 248 (35.2)  
 1–2 visits 847 (34.6) 385 (33.9) 209 (34.4) 253 (35.9)  
  ≥ 3 visits 695 (28.4) 317 (27.9) 175 (28.8) 203 (28.8)  
Mean (SD) number of visits1 3.2 (3.3) 3.4 (3.8) 3.2 (3.3) 3.0 (2.6)  
Outpatient rehabilitation n (%) b      0.281
 None 2215 (90.7) 1012 (89.3) 559 (91.6) 644 (92.1)  
 1–5 visits 114 (4.7) 60 (5.3) 25 (4.1) 29 (4.1)  
  ≥ 6 visits 113 (4.6) 61 (5.4) 26 (4.3) 26 (3.7)  
Mean (SD) number of visits1 12.9 (20.0) 13.3 (20.4) 12.5 (14.4) 12.6 (23.6)  
General practitioner, n (%) c      0.009
 None 1635 (65.6) 795 (67.9) 392 (62.8) 448 (64.3)  
 1–2 visits 621 (24.9) 259 (22.1) 165 (26.4) 197 (28.3)  
  ≥ 3 visits 236 (9.5) 117 (10.0) 67 (10.7) 52 (7.5)  
Mean (SD) number of visits1 2.4 (3.1) 2.6 (3.3) 2.3 (2.5) 2.3 (3.4)  
Physiotherapist, n (%) d      0.986
 None 1093 (45.2) 513 (45.6) 276 (45.6) 304 (44.3)  
 1–10 visits 687 (28.4) 318 (28.2) 171 (28.3) 198 (28.8)  
  ≥ 11 visits 638 (26.4) 295 (26.2) 158 (26.1) 185 (26.9)  
Mean (SD) number of visits1 14.3 (12.4) 14.0 (11.9) 13.9 (11.8) 15.1 (13.5)  
Psychologist, n (%) e      0.518
 None 2396 (93.4) 1127 (92.5) 591 (93.7) 687 (94.6)  
 1–3 visits 96 (3.7) 51 (4.2) 22 (3.5) 23 (3.2)  
  ≥ 4 visits 74 (2.9) 40 (3.3) 18 (2.9) 16 (2.2)  
Mean (SD) number of visits1 7.2 (11.5) 7.5 (11.6) 7.1 (10.4) 6.5 (12.4)  
Nursing care at home, n (%) f      < 0.001
 None 1948 (80.1) 814 (73.1) 520 (84.7) 614 (87.3)  
 1–8 weeks 255 (10.5) 149 (13.4) 54 (8.8) 52 (7.4)  
  ≥ 9 weeks 228 (9.4) 151 (13.6) 40 (6.5) 37 (5.3)  
Mean (SD) number of weeks1 10.9 (8.2) 11.3 (8.2) 10.2 (7.9) 10.6 (8.7)  
  1. Abbreviations: GP general practitioner, SD standard deviation, IQR inter quartile range
  2. Patients with at least one contact/visit were categorized into low and high health care utilization groups by median split
  3. 1Patients with no contact not included
  4. a73 missing values (2.8%)
  5. a157 missing values (6.0%)
  6. b164 missing values (6.3%)
  7. c114 missing values (4.4%)
  8. d188 missing values (7.2%)
  9. e40 missing values (1.5%)
  10. f175 missing values (6.7%)