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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of medical treatment for CCHI according to background characteristics

From: Inequity in health care utilization for common childhood illnesses in India: measurement and decomposition analysis using the India demographic and health survey 2015–16

Variable Total Proportion (95%CI) SE Medical
Treatment (%)
Wealth index
 Poorest 9691 0.26 (0.254–0.263) 0.002 6096(62.91)
 Poor 8503 0.23 (0.223–0.231) 0.002 5863(68.95)
 Middle 7670 0.20 (0.201–0.209) 0.002 5784(75.41)
 Rich 6821 0.18 (0.178–0.186) 0.002 5394(79.08)
 Richest 4764 0.13 (0.124–0.131) 0.002 3947(82.85)
Child’s age
 0–1 year 5883 0.16 (0.153–0.161) 0.002 4470(75.98)
 1–2 years 11,185 0.30 (0.294–0.303) 0.002 8200(73.31)
 2–3 years 8079 0.22 (0.212–0.220) 0.002 5825(72.10)
 3–4 years 6794 0.18 (0.178–0.185) 0.002 4772(70.23)
 4–5 years 5508 0.15 (0.144–0.151) 0.002 3818(69.31)
Birth order
  > 2 11,900 0.32 (0.313–0.322) 0.002 7999(67.22)
  < =2 25,549 0.68 (0.678–0.687) 0.002 19,085(74.70)
Anemia
 Not anemic 14,216 0.38 (0.375–0.385) 0.003 10,281(72.32)
 Anemic 23,233 0.62 (0.615–0.625) 0.003 16,803(72.31)
Sex of child
 Female 17,137 0.46 (0.453–0.463) 0.003 12,168(71.00)
 Male 20,312 0.54 (0.537–0.547) 0.003 14,917(73.44)
Continuum of maternal care
 No care/incomplete care 23,151 0.62 (0.613–0.623) 0.003 15,615(67.45)
 Complete care 14,298 0.38 (0.377–0.387) 0.003 11,469(80.22)
Religion
 Hindu 29,144 0.78 (0.774–0.782) 0.002 21,094(72.38)
 Muslim 6699 0.18 (0.175–0.183) 0.002 4718(70.44)
 Christian 670 0.02 (0.017–0.019) 0.001 503(75.06)
 Others 936 0.02 (0.023–0.027) 0.001 769(82.18)
Caste
 Schedule Caste (SC) 8188 0.22 (0.214–0.223) 0.002 5936(72.50)
 Schedule Tribe (ST) 3399 0.09 (0.088–0.094) 0.001 2293(67.46)
 Other Backward Caste (OBC) 17,124 0.46 (0.452–0.462) 0.003 12,431(72.60)
 Other 8738 0.23 (0.229–0.238) 0.002 6424(73.52)
Residence
 Rural 27,968 0.75 (0.742–0.751) 0.002 19,616(70.14)
 Urban 9481 0.25 (0.249–0.258) 0.002 7469(78.77)
Media exposure
 No media 13,492 0.36 (0.355–0.365) 0.002 8860(65.67)
 At least one media 23,957 0.64 (0.635–0.645) 0.002 18,225(76.07)
Mother’s education
 No education 10,895 0.29 (0.286–0.296) 0.002 7142(65.55)
 Primary education 5755 0.15 (0.150–0.157) 0.002 4074(70.79)
 Secondary education 17,138 0.46 (0.453–0.463) 0.003 12,904(75.29)
 Higher education 3661 0.10 (0.095–0.101) 0.002 2965(80.99)
Age at marriage
  < 18 14,604 0.39 (0.385–0.395) 0.003 10,029(68.67)
  > =18 22,845 0.61 (0.605–0.615) 0.003 17,056(74.66)
Insurance
 Yes 32,180 0.86 (0.856–0.863) 0.002 23,071(71.70)
 No 5269 0.14 (0.137–0.144) 0.002 4013(76.16)
Availability
 No problem 4615 0.12 (0.120–0.127) 0.002 3563(77.20)
 Not a big problem 20,759 0.55 (0.549–0.559) 0.003 15,108(72.78)
 Big problem 12,075 0.32 (0.318–0.327) 0.002 8414(69.70)
Affordability
 No problem 15,832 0.42 (0.418–0.428) 0.003 12,053(76.13)
 Not a big problem 10,663 0.28 (0.280–0.289) 0.002 7692(72.13)
 Big problem 10,953 0.29 (0.288–0.297) 0.002 7340(67.02)
Acceptability
 No problem 6764 0.18 (0.177–0.185) 0.002 5169(76.43)
 Not a big problem 20,341 0.54 (0.538–0.548) 0.003 14,686(72.20)
 Big problem 10,344 0.28 (0.272–0.281) 0.002 7229(69.88)
Basic Amenities and Socio-Economic Profile (BASEP)
 Category A 5684 0.15 (0.148–0.155) 0.002 3725(65.54)
 Category B 2354 0.06 (0.060–0.065) 0.001 1782 (75.68)
 Category C 29,411 0.79 (0.781–0.789) 0.002 21,577(73.37)
State groups
 Non-high Focus state 13,660 0.36 (0.360–0.370) 0.002 10,732(78.57)
 High Focus North-East state 887 0.02 (0.022–0.025) 0.001 463(52.16)
 High Focus state 22,902 0.61 (0.607–0.616) 0.003 15,889(69.38)
  1. CI Confidence Interval, SE Standard Error