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Table 1 Characteristics of prescriptions from all the primary healthcare institutions in Dongcheng District covered by Beijing Prescription Reviewing System of Primary healthcare institutions, 2015–2018

From: Antibiotic use and irrational antibiotic prescriptions in 66 primary healthcare institutions in Beijing City, China, 2015–2018

Characteristics 2015 2016 2017 2018 Total
CHCs CHSs All CHCs CHSs All CHCs CHSs All CHCs CHSs All CHCs CHSs Alla
No. of PHIs 7 48 55 7 55 62 7 52 59 7 57 64 7 59 66
Total prescriptions, n 467,108 1,447,744 1,914,852 593,995 1,454,909 2,048,904 749,082 1,724,979 2,861,411 906,122 1,955,289 2,474,061 7,944,603 3,222,302 11,166,905
Sample prescriptions from BPRSPHI, n 8455 11,580 20,035 7120 52,943 60,063 6835 50,120 56,955 5807 47,102 52,909 28,217 161,745 189,962
Drugs prescribed per prescription, mean (SD) 1.8 (1.1) 1.9 (1.1) 1.8 (1.1) 2.1 (1.2) 1.9 (1.1) 1.9 (1.1) 2.1 (1.2) 2.0 (1.1) 2.0 (1.1) 2.0 (1.2) 2.0 (1.2) 2.0 (1.2) 2.0 (1.2) 1.9 (1.1) 1.9 (1.1)
Cost per prescription, $ mean (SD) 19.2 (27.8) 18.4 (25.5) 18.8 (26.5) 25.2 (33.5) 20.0 (28.6) 20.6 (29.2) 27.3 (37.1) 24.4 (34.7) 24.8 (35.0) 28.3 (38.1) 27.6 (37.8) 27.6 (37.8) 24.6 (34.0) 23.5 (33.4) 23.6 (33.5)
Antibiotic-containing prescriptions, % of prescriptions 5.8 4.8 5.2 7.5 4.9 5.2 5.5 4.9 5.0 6.1 3.9 4.1 6.2 4.6 4.8
Prescriptions with antibiotic injections, % of antibiotic prescriptions 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1
Cost of antibiotics in the total cost of prescribed drugs, % 2.7 3.0 2.4 2.5 3.6 2.3 2.0 2.7 1.8 1.7 2.8 1.6 2.1 3.0 1.9
Irrational antibiotic prescriptions, % of antibiotic-containing prescriptionsa 10.3 10.9 10.4 11.6 15.5 14.8 12.8 10.6 10.9 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.5 12.7 12.5
  1. Abbreviations: CHCs community healthcare centres, CHSs community healthcare stations, BPRSPHI Beijing Prescription Reviewing System of Primary healthcare institutions
  2. The denominator was 7531 antibiotic prescriptions after excluding those without expert opinions