Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of IHDs for surgical patients by different phases of hospitalization

From: Predictors and reasons for inappropriate hospitalization days for surgical patients in a tertiary hospital in Wuhan, China: a retrospective study

Variable   Total IHDs for whole hospitalization IHDs before surgery IHDs after surgery
    Yes None p Yes None p Yes None p
   n(%) n(%)   n(%)   n(%)  
Total Patients   322 86   220 188   218 190  
Age (years) Under 50 152 (37.3) 109 (33.9) 43 (50.0) 0.031 69 (31.4) 83 (44.1) 0.018 74 (33.9) 78 (41.1) 0.317
  50–59 145 (35.5) 117 (36.3) 28 (32.6)   81 (36.8) 64 (34.0)   77 (35.3) 68 (35.8)  
  60–69 91 (22.3) 79 (24.5) 12 (14.0)   60 (27.3) 31 (16.5)   55 (25.2) 36 (18.9)  
  Over 69 20 (4.9) 17 (5.3) 3 (3.5)   10 (4.5) 10 (5.3)   12 (5.5) 8 (4.2)  
Gender Male 221 (54.2) 169 (52.5) 52 (60.5) 0.187 113 (51.4) 108 (57.4) 0.219 122 (56.0) 99 (52.1) 0.435
  Female 187 (45.8) 153 (47.5) 34 (39.5)   107 (48.6) 80 (42.6)   96 (44.0) 91 (47.9)  
Marital status Married 382 (93.6) 302 (93.8) 80 (93.0) 0.796 209 (95.0) 173 (92.0) 0.22 204 (93.6) 178 (93.7) 0.965
  Non-married 26 (6.4) 20 (6.2) 6 (7.0)   11 (5.0) 15 (8.0)   14 (6.4) 12 (6.3)  
Location of residence Wuhan 118 (28.9) 92 (28.6) 26 (30.2) 0.763 61 (27.7) 57 (30.3) 0.565 62 (28.4) 56 (29.5) 0.818
  Others 290 (71.1) 230 (71.4) 60 (69.8)   159 (72.3) 131 (69.7)   156 (71.6) 134 (70.5)  
Self pay Yes 21 (5.1) 16 (5.0) 5 (5.8) 0.753 8 (3.6) 13 (6.9) 0.135 11 (5.0) 10 (5.3) 0.921
  No 387 (94.9) 306 (95.0) 81 (94.2)   212 (96.4) 175 (93.1)   207 (95.0) 180 (94.7)  
Severity of illness Severe 32 (7.8) 22 (6.8) 10 (11.6) 0.142 16 (7.3) 16 (8.5) 0.643 12 (5.5) 20 (10.5) 0.060
  Moderate 376 (92.2) 300 (93.2) 76 (88.4)   204 (92.7) 172 (91.5)   206 (94.5) 170 (89.5)  
Multiple diagnosis Single 220 (53.9) 169 (52.5) 51 (59.3) 0.260 122 (55.5) 98 (52.1) 0.502 105 (48.2) 115 (60.5) 0.012
  Multiple 188 (46.1) 153 (47.5) 35 (40.7)   98 (44.5) 90 (47.9)   113 (51.8) 75 (39.5)  
First hospitalization Yes 367 (90.0) 293 (91.0) 74 (86.0) 0.175 198 (90.0) 169 (89.9) 0.972 199 (91.3) 168 (88.4) 0.337
  No 41 (10.0) 29 (9.0) 12 (14.0)   22 (10.0) 19 (10.1)   19 (8.7) 22 (11.6)  
Admission approach Outpatient 390 (95.6) 313 (97.2) 77 (89.5) 0.002 212 (96.4) 178 (94.7) 0.409 215 (98.6) 175 (92.1) 0.001
  Emergency 18 (4.4) 9 (2.8) 9 (10.5)   8 (3.6) 10 (5.3)   3 (1.4) 15 (7.9)  
First hospitalization Yes 367 (90.0) 293 (91.0) 74 (86.0) 0.175 198 (90.0) 169 (89.9) 0.972 199 (91.3) 168 (88.4) 0.337
  No 41 (10.0) 29 (9.0) 12 (14.0)   22 (10.0) 19 (10.1)   19 (8.7) 22 (11.6)  
Overlength of stay Yes 70 (17.2) 68 (21.1) 2 (2.3) 0.001 76 (34.5) 7 (3.7) 0.000 73 (33.5) 14 (7.4) 0.000
  No 338 (82.8) 254 (78.9) 84 (97.7)   144 (65.5) 181 (96.3)   145 (66.5) 176 (92.6)  
Types of surgery LC 126 (30.9) 91 (28.3) 35 (40.7) 0.000 62 (28.2) 64 (34.0) 0.260 58 (26.6) 68 (35.8) 0.000
  SFI 144 (35.3) 100 (31.1) 44 (51.2)   85 (38.6) 59 (31.4)   39 (17.9) 105 (55.3)  
  TL 138 (33.8) 131 (40.7) 7 (8.1)   73 (33.2) 65 (34.6)   121 (55.5) 17 (8.9)  
Blood transfusion Yes 4 (1.0) 3 (0.9) 1 (1.2) 0.847 2 (0.9) 2 (1.1) 0.874 3 (1.4) 1 (0.5) 0.985
  No 404 (99.0) 319 (99.1) 85 (21.0)   218 (99.1) 186 (98.9)   215 (98.6) 189 (99.5)  
Incision grade 0 and I 138 (33.8) 101 (31.4) 37 (43.0) 0.042 77 (35.0) 61 (32.4) 0.587 53 (24.3) 85 (44.7) 0.000
  II or over 270 (66.2) 221 (68.6) 49 (57.0)   143 (65.0) 127 (67.6)   165 (75.7) 105 (55.3)  
Use of ventilator Yes 54 (13.2) 47 (14.6) 7 (8.1) 0.116 31 (14.1) 23 (12.2) 0.581 38 (17.4) 16 (8.4) 0.007
  No 354 (86.8) 275 (85.4) 79 (91.9)   189 (85.9) 165 (87.8)   180 (82.6) 174 (91.6)  
Additional surgery Yes 241 (59.1) 191 (59.3) 50 (58.1) 0.844 138 (62.7) 103 (54.8) 0.104 121 (55.5) 120 (63.2) 0.117
  No 167 (40.9) 131 (40.7) 36 (41.9)   82 (37.3) 85 (45.2)   97 (44.5) 70 (36.8)  
  1. Notes: LC laparoscopic cholecystectomy; SFI spine fusion implantation; TL thoracoscopic lobectomy