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Table 4 Odds of recurrence in knee pain by group

From: Timing of physical therapy for individuals with patellofemoral pain and the influence on healthcare use, costs and recurrence rates: an observational study

  Physical therapy first
(n = 3591)
Early physical therapy
(n = 7924)
Delayed physical therapy
(n = 3915)
No physical therapy
(n = 58,579)
OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value
Unadjusted 0.49 (0.45, 0.54) < 0.001 0.64 (0.59, 0.79) < 0.001 1.57 (1.45, 1.69) < 0.001 0.80 (0.77, 0.83) < 0.001
Adjusted 0.55 (0.37, 0.79) 0.002 0.56 (0.43, 0.74) < 0.001 1.78 (1.36, 2.33) < 0.001 0.75 (0.66, 0.86) < 0.001
  1. Covariates were: sex, cardiometabolic syndrome, chronic pain, insomnia, depression, and substance abuse one year prior to diagnosis