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Table 2 Healthcare use and cost outcomes in 2 year time period after diagnosis

From: Timing of physical therapy for individuals with patellofemoral pain and the influence on healthcare use, costs and recurrence rates: an observational study

  Full cohort
(n = 74,408)
Any physical therapy use
(n = 15,430)
Physical therapy first
(n = 3591)
Early physical therapy
(n = 7924)
Delayed physical therapy
(n = 3915)
No physical therapy
(n = 58,579)
Number of individuals receiving imaging/pharmaceuticals, N (%)
 Knee x-ray 37,058 (49.8) 9132 (59.2) 1045 (29.1) 5134 (64.8) 2953 (75.4) 27,669 (47.2)
 Advanced imaging 16,166 (21.7) 4705 (30.5) 774 (21.6) 2255 (28.5) 1676 (42.8) 11,346 (19.4)
 Opioids 4889 (6.6) 1502 (9.7) 193 (5.4) 770 (9.7) 539 (13.8) 3333 (5.7)
 Muscle relaxants 2453 (3.3) 744 (4.8) 90 (2.5) 401 (5.1) 253 (6.5) 1677 (2.9)
 NSAIDs prescription 6757 (9.1) 2121 (13.7) 253 (7.0) 1137 (14.3) 731 (18.7) 4562 (7.8)
 Other analgesics (acetaminophen, etc.) 1984 (2.7) 629 (4.1) 80 (2.2) 328 (4.1) 221 (5.6) 1333 (2.3)
 Corticosteroid injections 3233 (4.3) 995 (6.4) 128 (3.6) 512 (6.5) 355 (9.1) 2213 (3.8)
Number of knee physical therapy visits, mean (SD) 5.96 (7.92) 6.16 (7.91) 5.16 (7.39) 6.36 (8.01) 6.67 (8.08)
Number of knee-related care visits, mean (SD) 4.97 (7.75) 9.58 (10.54) 6.55 (9.26) 9.99 (10.59) 11.55 (10.93) 3.73 (6.27)
Total healthcare costs, mean (95% CI) $8390 ($8310, $8470) $9234 ($9069, $9398) $7610 ($7268, $7951) $9416 ($9193, $9639) $10,354 ($10,017, $10,691) $8160 ($8070, $8251)
Total knee-related costs, mean (95% CI) $1103 ($1087, $1119) $1821 ($1777, $1864) $1136 ($1056, $1217) $1902 ($1843, $1962) $2283 ($2192, $2374) $910 ($893, $926)