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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for hypertensive patients

From: Health service underutilization and its associated factors for chronic diseases patients in poverty-stricken areas in China: a multilevel analysis

Characteristics Total (N = 1559) Health service underutilization Statistics P-value
Yes (N = 274) No (N = 1285)
Predisposing factors
 Age (years) 64.83 (9.20) 64.03 (8.60) 65.01 (9.31) 1.603 0.109
 Gender     4.465 0.035
  Female 1006 (64.53) 192 (70.07) 814 (63.35)   
  Male 553 (35.47) 82 (29.93) 471 (36.65)   
 Ethnicity     3.419 0.064
  Han 1160 (74.41) 216 (78.83) 944 (73.46)   
  Minority 399 (25.59) 58 (21.17) 341 (26.54)   
 Marital status     0.130 0.719
  Other 312 (20.01) 57 (20.80) 255 (19.84)   
  Married 1247 (79.99) 217 (79.20) 1030 (80.16)   
 Education attainment     2.259 0.024
  Primary school or below 964 (61.95) 186 (67.88) 778 (60.69)   
  Junior high school 447 (28.73) 68 (24.82) 379 (29.56)   
  Senior high school or above 145 (9.32) 20 (7.30) 125 (9.75)   
Enabling factors
 Income level     2.828 0.005
  Low 540 (34.64) 121 (44.16) 419 (32.61)   
  Middle 346 (22.19) 47 (17.15) 299 (23.27)   
  High 673 (43.17) 106 (38.69) 567 (44.12)   
 Medical insurance     9.985 0.019
  No 1 (0.06) 0 (0.00) 1 (0.08)   
  Others 14 (0.90) 6 (2.19) 8 (0.62)   
  URRMI 1508 (96.73) 266 (97.08) 1242 (96.65)   
  UEBMI 36 (2.31) 2 (0.73) 34 (2.65)   
 Regular source of care     11.042 0.001
  No 258 (16.58) 64 (23.36) 194 (15.13)   
  Yes 1298 (83.42) 210 (76.64) 1088 (84.87)   
 Distance to the nearest health facility     −0.553 0.580
  Less than one kilometer 960 (61.58) 165 (60.22) 795 (61.87)   
  1-5 km 560 (35.92) 101 (36.86) 459 (35.72)   
  More than 5 km 39 (2.50) 8 (2.92) 31 (2.41)   
Need factors
 Self-reported health score 54.66 (22.22) 45.33 (21.11) 56.64 (21.96) 7.769 < 0.001