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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio for determinants of mothers’ treatment-seeking behavior for ARI episode in Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 1280)

From: Disparities in mothers’ healthcare seeking behavior for common childhood morbidities in Ethiopia: based on nationally representative data

Characteristics Unadjusted Adjusted (backward elimination) *
COR (95% Cl) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Sex of the household head     
 Male     
 Female 2.286 (1.569–3.331) 0.000 1.861 (1.233–2.808) 0.003
Place of delivery     
 Institution     
 Home 0.341 (0.258–0.452) 0.000 0.551 (0.392–0.773) 0.001
Postnatal check-up     
 Yes     
 No 0.332 (0.230–0.480) 0.000 0.548 (0.358–0.839) 0.006
Intimate partners violence     
 No     
 Yes, low to high 1.998 (1.457–2.740) 0.000 1.556 (1.106–2.190) 0.011
Birth order     
 First     
 Other 0.522 (0.381–0.716) 0.000 0.641 (0.450–0.911) 0.013
Immunization     
 Had at least one vaccination     
 Never had vaccination 0.457 (0.281–0.742) 0.000 0.475 (0.285–0.792) 0.004
Father’s literacy status     
 Literate     
 Illiterate 1.537 (1.167–2.024) 0.002 0.672 (0.504–0.896) 0.007
Household wealth     
 Poorer and poorest     
 Medium 0.951 (0.678–1.334) 0.772   
 Richer and richest 1.970 (1.456–2.665) 0.000   
Type of family structure     
 Monogamous     
 Polygamous 1.141 (0.839–1.550) 0.401   
Mother’s literacy status     
 Literate     
 Illiterate 1.537 (1.167–2.024) 0.000   
Women work status     
 Working     
 Not working 0.644 (0.490–0.847) 0.002   
Children ever born     
 1–3     
 4–6 0.739 (0.549–0.995) 0.046   
 6 +  0.787 (0.558–1.109) 0.171   
Residence     
 Urban     
 Rural 0.246 (0.150–0.404) 0.000   
Wealth at community level (%) 1.478 (1.283–0.703) 0.000   
Women education at the community level (mean years of schooling completed) 1.191 (1.098–0.292) 0.000   
  1. *The logistic regression for adjusted AOR was computed using backward elimination method which provides outputs only for significant (p-value < 0.05) variables