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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio for determinants of mothers’ treatment-seeking behavior for diarrhea episode in Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 1227)

From: Disparities in mothers’ healthcare seeking behavior for common childhood morbidities in Ethiopia: based on nationally representative data

Characteristics Unadjusted Adjusted (backward elimination) *
COR (95% Cl) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Sex of the household head     
 Male     
 Female 0.726 (1.081–2.758) 0.022 2.182 (1.143–4.164) 0.018
Family structure     
 Monogamous     
 Polygamous 0.447 (.243–0.824) 0.010 0.381 (0.188–0.770) 0.007
Religion     
 Orthodox     
 Other 0.616 (.440–0.864) 0.005 0.545 (0.367–0.808) 0.003
Women work status     
 Working     
 Not working 0.642 (.454–0.909) 0.012 0.672 (0.453–0.996) 0.048
Intimate partners violence     
 No     
 Yes (at least one type of violence) 2.086 (1.378–3.157) 0.001 1.826 (1.152–2.893) 0.010
Father’s literacy status     
 Literate     
 Illiterate 0.679 (0.486–0.949) 0.023 0.629 (0.417–0.949) 0.027
Household wealth     
 Poorer and poorest     
 Medium 1.785 (1.161–2.743) 0.008   
 Richer and richest 1.562 (1.072–2.277) 0.020   
Place of delivery     
 Institution     
 Home 0.604 (0.429–0.851) 0.004   
Postnatal check     
 Yes     
 No 0.570 (0.369–0.881) 0.011   
Children ever born     
 1–3     
 4–6 0.574 (0.393–0.839) 0.004   
 6 +  0.678 (0.431–1.065) 0.092   
Birth order     
 First     
 Other 0.773 (1.527–1.133) 0.187   
Immunization     
 Had at least one vaccination     
 Never had vaccination 0.359 (0.196–0.660) 0.001   
Mothers’ literacy status     
 Literate     
 Illiterate 0.562 (0.403–0.784) 0.001   
Residence     
 Urban     
 Rural 0.566 (0.337–0.949) 0.031   
Wealth at community level (%) 1.285 (1.075–1.536) 0.006   
Women education at the community level (mean years of schooling completed) 1.224 (1.100–1.363) 0.000 1.192 (1.055–1.347) 0.005
  1. *The logistic regression for adjusted AOR was computed using backward elimination method which provides outputs only for significant (p-value < 0.05) variables