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Table 3 Codes, categories and themes

From: Community health volunteers challenges and preferred income generating activities for sustainability: a qualitative case study of rural Kilifi, Kenya

  Codes Categories Themes
A -We are volunteers
-CHV work conflicts with my informal business
-CHV work conflicts with childcare; I can’t pay for childcare
-I close my business to do CHV work
-I can’t do CHV work with full-time job
-It is difficult to attend social functions;
-CHV work conflicts with household chores
-Lack of incentives
-Conflicting chores
-Lack of adequate time to do CHV work
-Planning and time management
Effectiveness of CHVs’ work hampered by social-economic factors
Context-specific challenges
B -We have no work plans
-Unplanned meetings
-CHV have no certification
-Poor coordination
-Poor planning
-Lack of training
Lack of training and daily work plans
C -People don’t understand who we are
-People don’t understand what we do
-We need labelled badges; we need labelled T-shirts
-we have nothing to show that we are CHVs
-Need for identity
-Pride of being a CHV
-Recognition
-A sense of belonging
-Lack of identity and insecurity; identity can lead to trust
Identity/identification and trust
D -We prefer to buy chairs, tents and cutlery to use during weddings and funerals
-high demand for chairs during weddings
-high demand for chairs during funerals; chairs and tents needed for weddings and funerals
-we have many weddings
-hiring chairs and tents is a sustainable IGA;
-chicken-rearing; kitchen gardens
-Events management; contextually supported activities (hiring of chairs and tents)
-Farming, poultry-keeping
Income generating activities more likely to enhance retention among CHVs in Kaloleni and Rabai sub-counties
-Hiring of tents, chairs and cutlery widely preferred and supported by contextual factors, e.g., high demand during weddings and funerals
• Some places suitable for chicken-rearing