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Table 3 Demographic characteristics of the participants

From: What resources do elderly people choose for managing their symptoms? Clarification of rural older people’s choices of help-seeking behaviors in Japan

Variable N = 315
Age (years), mean (SD) 77.71 (8.27)
Sex (males), % 46.0
Smoking, % 40 (12.7)
Work, % 140 (54.4)
Living alone, % 41 (13.0)
Higher education, % 149 (47.3)
Higher social capital, % 168 (53.3)
Higher social support, % 229 (72.7)
Higher SES, % 259 (82.2)
Higher HL, % 159 (50.4)
Charlson Comorbidity Index, number (%)
 Score = 2 48 (15.2)
 Score = 3 62 (19.7)
 Score = 4 98 (31.1)
 Score = 5 67 (21.3)
 Score = 6 24 (7.6)
 Score = 7 12 (3.8)
 Score = 8 4 (1.3)
 Score5 107 (33.9)
Diseases, number (%)
 Hypertension 293 (95.2)
 Dyslipidemia 254 (80.6)
 Diabetes mellitus 53 (16.8)
 Chronic kidney disease 60 (19.0)
 Heart failure 31 (9.8)
 Cerebral vascular disease 21 (6.7)
 Cancer 19 (6.0)
 Hepatic disease 15 (4.8)
 COPD 13 (4.1)
 Asthma 12 (3.8)
 Myocardial infarction 8 (2.5)
  1. SD Standard deviation, COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, SES Socioeconomic state, HL Health literacy