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Table 2 Design phases, activities, outcomes participants and outcomes

From: Using human centered design to identify opportunities for reducing inequities in perinatal care

PHASE: INSPIRATION IDEATION –Brainstorming & early prototyping IDEATION- Prototype refinement
Activity: • Interviews
• Focus Groups
• Design Workshop • Community Design Fair
• Presentations at 3 groups assembled by local CBOs
• Advisory group discussions
Participants: • 31 participants • 44 participants • 96 participants
• Advisory group members
Participant characteristics • Pregnant persons/partners (n = 8)
• Community representatives (n = 11a)
• Clinical providers / researchers (n = 12)
• Care delivery clinicians/ providers/leaders (n = 22)
• City program staff (DPH/HSA)/leaders (n = 4)
• Medicaid health plan staff/leaders (n = 3)
• CBO partners and Community members (n = 6)
• Researchers (n = 5)
• Designers (n = 4)
• Community and other stakeholder participants at gatherings held at CBO community events and meetings (n = 96):
• 88% female
• 68% reproductive age (< 45 years old),
• 86% non-white
• 78% ever pregnant
• 64% receiving/received care on Medicaid
Outcomes: • 7 insights
• 7 opportunities
• 162 discrete ideas
• 8 prototypes
• 3 overarching perinatal redesign opportunities
• 4 prototypes for implementation
  1. CBO Community Based Organization, DPH Department of Public Health, HSA Human Services Agency
  2. a 8 community advocates participated in group discussion rather than one-on-one interviews