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Table 2 Means and standard deviations of FFMHPQ subscale scores in different profession types of participants

From: Chinese mental health workers’ family-focused practices: a cross-sectional survey

Subscale scoresa All (n = 515) Profession types Post-hoc tests
Psychiatrists (n = 213) Psychiatric nurses (n = 269) AMHPs (n = 33)
Workplace support for family-focused practice 4.74 (1.36) 4.59 (1.46) 4.85 (1.28) 4.71 (1.33) -
Location issues in relation to family-focused practice 3.24 (1.21) 3.11 (1.26)* 3.39 (1.17)* 3.00 (1.20)* 1 < 2
Time and workload 3.75 (1.05) 3.51 (1.15)*** 3.95 (0.92)*** 3.69 (1.14)*** 1 < 2
Family-focused policy and procedure 4.40 (1.33) 4.06 (1.30)*** 4.78 (1.23)*** 3.59 (1.38)*** 1 < 2, 3 < 2
Family-focused professional development opportunities 4.43 (1.33) 4.47 (1.26) 4.38 (1.40) 4.52 (1.25) -
Coworker support 4.72 (1.16) 4.62 (1.11) 4.82 (1.16) 4.52 (1.39) -
Providing support to the family and client for parenting 4.81 (0.96) 4.89 (0.89)* 4.72 (1.03)* 5.07 (0.74)* -
Worker confidence in family-focused practice 3.93 (1.30) 3.78 (1.34) 4.01 (1.28) 4.23 (1.22) -
Providing support to families and children 4.46 (1.19) 4.65 (1.16)*** 4.27 (1.21)*** 4.84 (1.03)*** 2 < 1, 2 < 3
Engaging with family 3.59 (1.04) 3.73 (1.11)** 3.44 (0.98)** 3.98 (0.80)** 2 < 1, 2 < 3
Assessing impact of parental mental illness on the child 4.46 (1.16) 4.53 (1.22) 4.40 (1.12) 4.53 (1.10) -
The need for further training 5.40 (1.07) 5.58 (0.94)*** 5.21 (1.16)*** 5.80 (0.86)*** 2 < 1, 2 < 3
Skill and knowledge 4.29 (0.78) 4.27 (0.90) 4.29 (0.65) 4.44 (0.86) -
Service availability 3.37 (1.25) 3.21 (1.32)** 3.55 (1.17)** 2.91 (1.16)** 1 < 2, 3 < 2
Promoting family connectedness 4.29 (0.80) 4.33 (0.87) 4.24 (0.73) 4.48 (0.82) -
Referrals for family members 4.29 (0.93) 4.36 (1.04) 4.20 (0.81) 4.50 (1.05) -
Inter-professional practice 5.36 (1.03) 5.56 (0.89)*** 5.17 (1.10)*** 5.63 (0.97)*** 2 < 1, 2 < 3
Supporting parenting within the context of mental illness 3.91 (1.03) 3.90 (1.09) 3.88 (0.98) 4.28 (0.97) -
  1. a. A subscale score of < 4, 4, and > 4 indicates a negative, neutral, and positive appraisal respectively
  2. Abbreviations: AMHP allied mental health professional; FFMHPQ Family-Focused Mental Health Practice Questionnaire
  3. Notes: * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001