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Table 1 Inclusion criteria

From: Development of a theory-based intervention to increase cognitively able frail elders’ engagement with advance care planning using the behaviour change wheel

Health and social care professionals (H&SCPs) Frail elders Family members
• Conduct ACP for frail elders;
• Able to understand English well enough to consent and participate.
• Age ≥ 65;
• Clinical Frailty Scorea 6 or 7;
• Clinically assessed as likely to be in their last years of life;
• Living in a domestic dwelling;
• Understands English well enough to consent/participate;
• Has capacity and assessed as able to cope with the researchb;
• If bereaved, this should be more than 6 months before recruitment.
• Nominated by the frail elder or referring clinician;
• Understands English well enough to consent/participate;
• If bereaved, this should be more than 6 months before recruitment.
  1. a.The Clinical Frailty Scale [51] is scored from 0 to 9. Higher scores represent greater levels of frailty. A score of 6, moderate frailty, is described as requiring help with all outside activities and keeping house. A score of 7, severe frailty, is described as completely dependent for personal care. b.Frail elders were assessed as able to cope physically, cognitively and emotionally by their clinician using the Mental Capacity Act [52] or the researcher using the processual model of consent [53]