Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of facilities included, health management information system and the Ethiopian service provision assessment survey plus, 2014

From: Patient volume and quality of primary care in Ethiopia: findings from the routine health information system and the 2014 Service Provision Assessment survey

  General hospitals Primary hospitals Health centers Total
(N = 109) (N = 45) (N = 270) (N = 424)
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Quality of care a
 Adherence to standards of care:
  Family planning 34.65 (10.58) 32.76 (10.45) 36.30 (11.00) 35.45 (10.85)
  Antenatal care 49.07 (10.84) 48.71 (7.46) 48.20 (11.40) 48.54 (10.78)
  Sick child care 33.10 (10.20) 36.84 (11.08) 36.10 (12.88) 35.31 (11.99)
 Clinical knowledge:
  Malaria 32.58 (7.98) 36.13 (8.31) 31.03 (8.92) 31.97 (8.75)
  Tuberculosis 42.96 (9.06) 43.06 (7.54) 40.32 (9.20) 41.29 (9.07)
 Overall quality score 38.76 (6.09) 39.61 (6.16) 37.01 (6.76) 37.73 (6.59)
Facility characteristics
 Outpatient volume (patients/day) 116.34 (111.37) 91.53 (58.41) 29.78 (34.26) 58.58 (75.98)
 Number of primary care staff b 65.92 (36.19) 32.91 (19.60) 11.24 (8.93) 27.59 (31.26)
 Essential medicine index c 0.72 (0.13) 0.68 (0.13) 0.44 (0.15) 0.54 (0.19)
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
 Basic equipment d 82 (75.2%) 35 (77.8%) 120 (44.4%) 237 (55.9%)
 Urban location 98 (89.9%) 40 (88.9%) 87 (32.2%) 225 (53.1%)
  1. a Family planning, antenatal care and sick child care consultations were observed in 235, 282 and 338 facilities, respectively. Clinical knowledge scores were available in all 424 facilities
  2. b Includes medical doctors, health officers and nurses
  3. c Average of 19 essential medicines listed in supplementary materials
  4. d Binary indicator for the availability of at least one functional: scale, pediatric scale, thermometer, stethoscope, BP apparatus and exam light