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Table 3 Characteristics of HIV positive clients and their desires for children

From: Fertility desires of people living with HIV: does the implementation of a sexual and reproductive health and HIV integration model change healthcare providers’ attitudes and clients’ desires?

  Baseline Endline Significance of change over time
Positive Male n = 11 Positive Female n = 65 Positive Male n = 38 Positive Female n = 95
Want more children, n = 6 (54.5%) Do not want more children/ not sure, n = 5 (45.5%) Want more children, n = 10 (15.4%) Do not want more children/ not sure, n = 55 (84.6%) Want more children, n = 17 (44.7%) Do not want more children/not sure, n = 21 (55.3%) Want more children, n = 37 (38.9%) Do not want more children/not sure, n = 58
(61.1%)
Chi-square P value Male Chi-square P value Female
Relationship status          .428 .168
 Married 0 1 (20.0) 2 (20.0) 8 (14.5) 1 (5.9) 1 (4.8) 6 (16.2) 3 (5.1)   
 Regular partner 5 (83.3) 4 (80.0) 8 (80.0) 37 (67.3) 13 (76.5) 19 (90.5) 25 (67.6) 43 (74.1)   
 Single 0 0 0 10 (18.2) 3 (17.6) 1 (4.8) 4 (10.8) 11 (19.0)   
 Multiple partners/other 1 (16.7) 0 0 0 0 0 2 (5.4) 1 (1.7)   
Partner’s HIV status          .741 .870
 Positive 4 (66.7) 2 (40.0) 4 (40.0) 18 (32.7) 5 (29.4) 11 (52.4) 9 (24.3) 18 (31.0)   
 Negative 1 (16.7) 1 (20.0) 2 (20.0) 10 (18.2) 3 (17.6) 3 (14.3) 7 (18.9) 10 (17.2)   
 Did not disclose 1 (16.7) 2 (40.0) 4 (40.0) 27 (49.1) 9 (52.9) 7 (33.3) 21 (56.8) 30 (51.7)   
Number of children          .003* .171
 None 1 (16.7) 1 (20.0) 2 (20.0) 6 (10.9) 0 0 0 0   
 One 2 (33.3) 1 (20.0) 5 (50.0) 15 (27.3) 8 (47.1) 2 (9.5) 8 (21.6) 4 (6.9)   
 Two 3 (50.0) 1 (20.0) 3 (30.0) 20 (36.4) 5 (29.4) 2 (9.5) 18 (48.6) 21 (36.2)   
 Three 0 2 (40.0) 0 9 (16.4) 2 (11.8) 6 (28.6) 7 (18.9) 13 (22.4)   
 Four or more 0 0 0 5 (9.1) 2 (11.8) 11 (52.4) 4 (10.8) 20 (34.5)   
Age (years)          .236 .001*
 18–20 0 0 1 (10.0) 0 1 (5.9) 0 1 (2.9) 1 (1.7)   
 21–25 1 (16.7) 1 (20.0) 4 (40.0) 10 (18.2) 5 (29.4) 0 15 (40.5) 8 (13.8)   
 26–30 2 (33.3) 1 (20.0) 3 (30.0) 14 (25.5) 2 (11.8) 6 (28.6) 10 (27.0) 13 (22.4)   
 31–35 2 (33.3) 1 (20.0) 1 (10.0) 19 (34.5) 4 (23.5) 6 (28.6) 8 (21.6) 13 (22.4)   
 36–40 1 (16.7) 1 (20.0) 1 (10.0) 8 (14.5) 3 (17.6) 6 (28.6) 3 (8.1) 15 (25.9)   
 41–45 0 1 (20.0) 0 4 (7.3) 2 (11.8) 3 (14.3) 0 8 (13.8)   
Using method to prevent pregnancy          .161 .000*
 Yes 6 (100) 5 (100) 5 (50.0) 29 (52.7) 13 (76.5) 20 (95.2) 17 (45.9) 37 (63.8)   
 No 0 0 3 (30.0) 20 (36.4) 1 (5.9) 1 (4.8) 3 (8.1) 4 (6.9)   
 Not sexually active 0 0 0 6 (10.9) 3 (17.6) 0 0 8 (13.8)   
 Currently pregnant N/A N/A 2 (20.0) 0 N/A N/A 17 (45.9) 9 (15.5)   
On antiretroviral treatment (ART)a          .437** 1.000**
 Yes 4 (80.0) 4 (80.0) 0 15 (50.0) 13 (92.8) 15 (78.9) 14 (73.6) 35 (85.4)   
 No 1 (20.0) 1 (20.0) 1 (100) 15 (50.0) 1 (7.2) 4 (21.1) 5 (26.3) 6 (14.6)   
  1. aAlthough there was a question asking whether clients were taking antiretrovirals (ARVs), not all responded to this question, therefore n is not the same as the other categories
  2. *where p < 0.05 is significant
  3. **Fisher’s exact test of association used, results not significant