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Table 2 Results from global random effects logistic regression analysis of antenatal, delivery and postnatal care use

From: Spatial variability in factors influencing maternal health service use in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia: a geographically-weighted regression analysis

Potential explanatory factor Antenatal care
(n = 3687)a
Delivery care
(n = 3682)a
Postnatal care
(n = 3708)a
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Individual factors
 Education level
  None Reference Reference
  Primary/secondary/higher 0.77 (0.63,0.93) 1.09 (0.90, 1.33)
 Pregnancy danger signs
  Not aware Reference
  Aware 1.21 (1.02,1.44)
 Delivery danger signs
  Not aware Reference
  Aware 1.22 (0.98, 1.51)
 Postpartum danger signs
  Not aware Reference
  Aware 1.22 (1.02,1.46)
 Nurse as information source
  Health information
   No Reference Reference
   Yes 2.08 (1.79,2.41) 0.94 (0.79, 1.13)
  Delivery information
   No Reference
   Yes 2.17 (1.82,2.58)
 Antenatal care use
  No prior use Reference  
  Prior use 1.87 (1.61,2.18)
  No use last pregnancy Reference   
  > = 4 last pregnancy 2.06 (1.73,2.44)   
 Delivery care use
  No prior use Reference
  Prior use 9.56 (7.67,11.92)
  No use last pregnancy Reference
  Used for last pregnancy 15.35 (12.61,18.69)
 Attitude towards delivery care
  Necessary for all Reference Reference
  Not necessary for all 0.51 (0.36, 0.71) 0.32 (0.22,0.47)
 Delivery mode
  Not assisted Reference
  Assisted 2.95 (1.95,4.45)
Household or inter-personal factors
 Wealthiest household group
  No Reference Reference Reference
  Yes 1.52 (1.30,1.79) 1.36 (1.12, 1.66) 1.20 (0.99,1.46)
 Companion support
  Not available Reference Reference
  Available 2.75 (2.20,3.43) 1.64 (1.28,2.08)
 Health-related decisions
  Not involved Reference Reference
  Involved 1.33 (1.13,1.57) 1.10 (0.91, 1.34)
 Delivery site decisions
  Not involved Reference
  Involved 0.83 (0.67, 1.02)
  Parity 0.92 (0.89,0.95) 1.04 (0.99,1.08) 0.98 (0.94, 1.02)
 Pregnancy planned
  No Reference
  Yes 1.42 (1.21,1.66)
 Birth preparedness
  Did not plan Reference  
  Planned for delivery 1.46 (1.24,1.71) 1.45 (1.20,1.74)
Health system factors
 Home visit by HEW
  No Reference Reference  
  Yes 1.32 (1.13, 1.55) 1.35 (1.13,1.62) 1.14 (0.95, 1.36)
 Nearby health facility type/level
  Not hospital/health centre Reference Reference
  Hospital/health centre 1.66 (1.44,1.92) 1.98 (1.67,2.36)
  1. aDenominators indicate number of women for whom data was available for all candidate explanatory variables. Differences between models are reflective of differences in data available (Nurse as health information source n = 3721; history of ANC use n = 3688; history of delivery care use n = 3682 and delivery mode n = 3714)