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Table 3 Determinants of hospitalization in the past 12 months (0 = no hospital visits; 1 = yes, at least one hospital visit). Findings of multiple logistic regressions

From: Determinants of health care use among homeless individuals: evidence from the Hamburg survey of homeless individuals

Independent variables Hospitalization
Gender: - Female (Ref.: Male) 1.14
(0.33–3.90)
Age 0.93**
(0.89–0.98)
Family status: - Widowed/Divorced/Married, living separated from spouse (Ref.: Single) 2.42+
(0.87–6.72)
Education: - Secondary/tertiary education (Ref.: Primary education) 0.91
(0.31–2.70)
Country of origin: - Neighboring country (Germany) 2.68
(0.59–12.17)
- Other country 0.93
(0.26–3.38)
Alcohol consume: - Presence of chronic alcohol consume (CDT > 2.5) (Ref.: Absence of chronic alcohol consume) 0.82
(0.25–2.68)
Health insurance: Yes (Reference category: No health insurance) 8.11**
(2.13–30.80)
Fear of COVID-19 (from 1 = not at all to 4 = severely) 0.95
(0.58–1.56)
Health-related quality of life (EQ VAS, ranging from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)) 0.97**
(0.94–0.99)
Constant 19.47
(0.49–775.21)
Pseudo R2 0.22
Observations 100
  1. Odds ratios are reported. 95% confidence intervals in parentheses. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05, + p < 0.10