Skip to main content

Table 2 Determinants of the frequency of physician visits in the past 3 months. Findings of multiple negative binomial regressions

From: Determinants of health care use among homeless individuals: evidence from the Hamburg survey of homeless individuals

Independent variables Number of doctor visits
Gender: - Female (Ref.: Male) 4.02**
(1.60–10.11)
Age 0.99
(0.96–1.02)
Family status: - Widowed/Divorced/Married, living separated from spouse (Ref.: Single) 0.88
(0.46–1.67)
Education: - Secondary/tertiary education (Ref.: Primary education) 1.59
(0.76–3.32)
Country of origin: - Neighboring country (Germany) 2.11
(0.79–5.64)
- Other country 0.78
(0.41–1.49)
Alcohol consume: - Presence of chronic alcohol consume (CDT > 2.5) (Ref.: Absence of chronic alcohol consume) 0.26***
(0.12–0.57)
Health insurance: Yes (Reference category: No health insurance) 0.70
(0.34–1.48)
Fear of COVID-19 (from 1 = not at all to 4 = severely) 1.06
(0.75–1.50)
Health-related quality of life (EQ-VAS, ranging from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)) 0.97***
(0.96–0.98)
Constant 11.06*
(1.05–116.15)
Pseudo R2 0.10
Observations 98
  1. Incidence rate ratios are reported. 95% confidence intervals in parentheses. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05, + p < 0.10