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Table 3 Access to healthcare facilities by study population

From: Healthcare services utilization among international students in Ankara, Turkey: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Male(n = 290) Female(n = 245) Total(n = 535) P values
N N% N N% N N%
Had insurance before coming to Turkey
 Yes 140 48.3 134 54.7 274 51.2 0.139
 No 150 51.7 111 45.3 261 48.8
Dentist visit
  > 1 77 26.6 96 39.2 173 32.3 0.002
 No 213 73.4 149 60.8 362 67.7
Doctor visit
  > 1 234 80.7 197 80.4 431 80.6 1.000
 No 56 19.3 48 19.6 104 19.4
Optical service access
  > 1 68 23.4 61 24.9 129 24.1 0.696
 No 222 76.6 184 75.1 406 75.9
Student health center access
  > 1 105 36.2 109 44.5 214 40.0 0.051
 No 185 63.8 136 55.5 321 60.0
Mental health service access
 Yes 5 1.7 5 2.0 10 1.9 1.000
 No 285 98.3 240 98.0 525 98.1
Emergency Services access
 Yes 77 26.6 89 36.3 166 31.0 0.010
 No 213 73.4 156 63.7 369 69.0
Hopsital admission
 Yes 32 11.0 29 11.8 61 11.4 0.771
 No 258 89.0 216 88.2 474 88.6
Communicates easily when seeking health services
 Yes 219 75.5 192 78.4 411 76.8 0.311
 No 42 14.5 25 10.2 67 12.5
 Did not seek health services 29 10.0 28 11.4 57 10.7
Inquired on what GHI covers
 Yes 84 30.2 70 29.5 154 29.9 0.943
 No 194 69.8 167 70.5 361 70.1
Coronavirus pandemic changed views on health access
 Yes 214 77.0 198 83.5 412 80.0 0.063
 No 64 23.0 39 16.5 103 20.0
Hesitate to visit hospital when ill
 Yes 153 52.8 125 51.0 278 52.0 0.114
 No 132 45.5 108 44.1 240 44.9
 Unsure 5 1.7 12 4.9 17 3.2
  1. Chi square test (with Fisher’s exact test) was used to compare variables by gender
  2. GHI General health insurance