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Table 4 Results from ordered logistic regression model (proportional odds ratios), within-country models

From: Workplace factors associated with mental health of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: an international cross-sectional study

  China UK US
Gender
 Male (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Female 2.04*** [1.45,2.88] 1.71*** [1.28,2.30] 1.08 [0.53,2.19]
Role
Doctors (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Nurses 1.03 [0.73,1.46] 2.61*** [1.88,3.62] 1.49 [0.79,2.81]
Other 1.39 [0.76,2.54] 1.69** [1.20,2.40] 3.34** [1.55,7.23]
PPE: perceived risk
 Low (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 High 2.24*** [1.63,3.07] 3.39*** [2.42,4.75] 2.00* [1.09,3.68]
Support in area/ specialty
 Adequate (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Poor 2.38*** [1.60,3.54] 2.41*** [1.66,3.50] 1.68 [0.96,2.95]
Mental health support
 Adequate (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Poor 1.56*** [1.21,2.02] 1.57*** [1.21,2.05] 1.59 [0.95,2.66]
N 1213 891 252
  1. 95% confidence intervals in brackets; * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001; models adjust for age, living arrangements, experience of involvement in care for somebody who died of COVID-19, and redeployment (role and satisfaction with training); PPE Personal Protective Equipment; ‘Other’ roles include allied healthcare professionals, interns, and hospital management/administrative staff