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Table 3 Results from ordered logistic regression model (proportional odds ratios), overall model

From: Workplace factors associated with mental health of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: an international cross-sectional study

  Odds Ratio Std. Err.   [95% Conf. Interval] P value Overall p
Country
China 1.00      (ref)  
UK 3.63 0.41   2.90 4.54 < 0.001  
US 4.10 0.63   3.03 5.54 < 0.001 < 0.001
Other 2.49 0.43   1.77 3.50 < 0.001  
Gender
Male 1.00      (ref)  
Female 1.74 0.18   1.42 2.13 < 0.001 < 0.001
Age
18–25 1.00      (ref)  
26–33 1.07 0.14   0.83 1.38 0.598  
34–40 1.24 0.18   0.94 1.65 0.132 0.0025
41–48 0.84 0.12   0.63 1.12 0.241  
49+ 0.79 0.13   0.58 1.08 0.145  
Living arrangements
Living with others 1.00      (ref)  
Living alone 1.07 0.13   0.85 1.35 0.547 0.547
Role
Doctors 1.00      (ref)  
Nurses 1.64 0.17   1.34 2.01 < 0.001 < 0.001
Other 1.68 0.22   1.30 2.18 < 0.001  
Involved in care of person who died of COVID-19
No 1.00      (ref)  
Yes 1.20 0.11   1.01 1.43 0.040 0.040
Redeployment - role
General medicine 1.00      (ref)  
Emergency medicine 1.52 0.39   0.92 2.50 0.100  
ICU 1.67 0.33   1.14 2.46 0.009  
Other 1.28 0.23   0.90 1.83 0.169 0.065
Not redeployed 1.48 0.26   1.06 2.09 0.023  
Redeployment - training received
Satisfactory training 1.00      (ref)  
No training/ not satisfactory training 1.67 0.20   1.32 2.11 < 0.001 < 0.001
PPE: perceived risk
 Low 1.00      (ref)  
 High 2.49 0.26   2.03 3.05 < 0.001 < 0.001
Support in area/ specialty
 Adequate 1.00      (ref)  
 Poor 2.24 0.25   1.79 2.80 < 0.001 < 0.001
Mental health support
 Adequate 1.00      (ref)  
 Poor 1.63 0.14   1.38 1.92 < 0.001 < 0.001
/cut1 0.31 0.23   −0.14 0.75   
/cut2 1.81 0.23   1.36 2.25   
/cut3 4.28 0.24   3.81 4.75   
/cut4 6.62 0.27   6.09 7.16   
N    2527     
  1. ‘Other’ roles include allied healthcare professionals, interns, and hospital management/administrative staff; ‘Other’ redeployment includes contingency planning and telehealth
  2. Std. Err. Standard error, Conf. Interval Confidence interval, ICU Intensive Care Unit, PPE Personal Protective Equipment