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Table 2 Characteristics of sample organizations

From: Business models for primary health care delivery in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping study of nine social entrepreneurs

Host country, region Interviewee Year founded Business model Initial funder
Kenya, Sub-Saharan Africa Male, Co-Founder & Head of Product 2012 Low-cost, multiple chain of clinics, attracting high volume of patients. Focuses on maternal and child health. Family & friends
Brazil, South America Male, Public Relations Officer 2008 Multiple mobile medical centers. Low fees, attracting high volume of patients. Focuses on diagnostic procedures to shorten wait times in government facilities. Family & friends
Argentina, South America Male, CEO 1989 Low fees, multiple chain of clinics, attracting high volume of patients. No particular focus of primary health care service. Family & friends
India, South Asia Male, Founder & CEO 2014 Low fees, multiple chain of clinics, attracting high volume of patients. No particular focus of primary health care service. Family & friends
India, South Asia Male, Founder & CEO 2010 Low fees, multiple chain of clinics, attracting high volume of patients. No particular focus of primary health care service. Family & friends
India, South Asia Male, Founder & CEO 2012 Multiple mobile medical centers, low cost of monthly subscriptions. Focuses on chronic diseases. Venture capital
India, South Asia Male, Head of Quality Improvement 2008 Low-cost, multiple chain of regular clinics in peri-urban area and spoke clinics in rural areas. No particular focus of primary health care service. Family & friends
India, South Asia Female, Founder & CEO 2009 Multiple chains, annual subscription for chronic diseases where patient pays for the entire year of disease management. Low fees for acute diseases. Focuses on diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Banks
India, South Asia Female, Country Director 2008 Low-cost, multiple chain of regular clinics in peri-urban area and clinics with telemedicine in rural areas. No particular focus of primary health care service. Family & friends