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Table 5 Potentially harmful practices observed during delivery

From: Gender discrimination as a barrier to high-quality maternal and newborn health care in Nigeria: findings from a cross-sectional quality of care assessment

  Ebonyi State
%
(n = 19)
Kogi State
%
(n = 28)
Total
%
(n = 47)
Engaged in at least one harmful practice 63.2 57.1 59.6
Potentially harmful practices
 Used an enema 0.0 3.6 2.1
 Applied fundal pressure to hasten delivery of baby or placenta 10.5 10.7 10.6
 Performed lavage of uterus after delivery 0.0 7.1 4.3
 Stretched the perineum 0.0 21.4 12.8
 Manually explored the uterus after delivery 15.8 21.4 19.1
 Performed episiotomy 6.4 2.1 8.5
 Performed routine aspiration of newborn mouth and nose at birth 15.8 35.7 27.7
 Started routine intravenous line without indication 10.5 0.0 4.3
 Restricted food and fluids in labor 31.6 32.1 31.9