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Table 5 Ranking of 20 leading causes of deaths for females in health facilities before (top) and after (bottom) MCCD interventions in the Iringa Region

From: Improving quality of medical certification of causes of death in health facilities in Tanzania 2014–2019

Rank CSMF (%) ICD code Severity Cause
1 11.9 B24   Unspecified human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease
2 7.8 R99 H Other ill-defined and unspecified causes of mortality
3 6.8 J18 L Pneumonia, organism unspecified
4 6.5 I10 H Essential (primary) hypertension
5 3.9 I42 L Cardiomyopathy
6 3.5 A41 H Other septicaemia
7 3.3 P95   Fetal death of unspecified cause
8 3.0 I50 H Heart failure
9 2.9 A09   Diarrhoea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin
10 2.9 Z21 H Asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] infection status
11 2.3 B45   Cryptococcosis
12 2.3 P21   Birth asphyxia
13 2.2 P15   Other birth injuries
14 2.0 T71 H Asphyxiation
15 1.8 P05   Slow fetal growth and fetal malnutrition
16 1.7 A15   Respiratory tuberculosis, bacteriologically & histologically confirmed
17 1.7 R50 H Fever of unknown origin
18 1.6 E14 L Unspecified diabetes mellitus
19 1.6 I64 L Stroke, not specified as haemorrhage or infarction
20 1.3 B53   Other parasitologically confirmed malaria
Rank CSMF (%) ICD code Severity Cause
1 11.4 B22   Human immunodeficiency virus disease resulting in other specified diseases
2 6.0 J18 L Pneumonia, organism unspecified
3 4.5 I50 H Heart failure
4 4.0 B24   Unspecified human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease
5 4.0 P21   Birth asphyxia
6 3.4 I11   Hypertensive heart disease
7 3.1 B20   Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease resulting in infectious diseases
8 2.7 B45   Cryptococcosis
9 2.7 D64 H Other anaemias
10 2.3 R99 H Other ill-defined and unspecified causes of mortality
11 2.2 I10 H Essential (primary) hypertension
12 2.0 P95   Fetal death of unspecified cause
13 1.8 A41 H Other septicaemia
14 1.8 P02   Fetus and newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord, membranes
15 1.6 P36   Bacterial sepsis of newborn
16 1.4 B59   Pneumocystosis
17 1.4 E46   Unspecified protein-energy malnutrition
18 1.4 P22   Respiratory distress of newborn
19 1.4 R57 H Shock, not elsewhere classified
20 1.3 A18   Tuberculosis of other organs
  1. H = Unusable codes with very high, high, or medium impact
  2. L = Usable but insufficiently specified codes with low policy impact