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Table 2 the sub-themes of involvement of charities

From: Involvement of charities in Iran’s health care system: a qualitative study on problems and executive/legal/supportive requirements

Main themes Sub-themes
Main objectives of charities in the health care system - Helping the poor and the disadvantaged
- Preventing diseases, promoting education, and expanding empowerment
Services at prevention level - Screening for communicable/non-communicable diseases
- Training
- Disseminating health-oriented information
- Equipping and developing infrastructure in health care centers
- Participating in health-related research
- Training health educators
- Providing counseling and supportive services
- Distributing food supplements and preventing malnutrition-related diseases
- Supplying health-hygiene tools
Services at treatment level - Offering pharmaceutical services
- Delivering a wide range of treatment services for all types of diseases
- Manufacturingknowledge-based products
- Arranging for home care support services
- Purchasing medical equipment
- Constructing hospitals
- Covering expenditures
- Giving support services in an indirect manner
Services at rehabilitation level - Implementing physiotherapy, speech therapy, and occupational therapy
- Providing financial support for rehabilitation services
Legal/executive/supportive requirements for charitable activities - Discovering causes of diseases and health risk factors by the Ministry of - Health and Medical Education
- Introducing areas in need of more involvement
- Developing main strategies to get charities engaged in planning and policy-making
- Holding educational courses and programs specially in the field of management and empowerment
- Granting special taxes and legacy exemptions
- Helping charities in attracting multi-source financial resources and selling their products and services
- Giving practical motivation to charities by the government
Main problems facing health charities - Neglecting charities by the government and having poor faith in these organizations
- Financing in an unsustainable manner
- Giving insufficient financial aids to people
- Doing parallel works
- Having inadequate cooperation between governmental/non-governmental agencies and donors
- Having inadequate public participation due to weaknesses in advertising and attracting charitable donations
- Lacking a legal status for donors
- Having no involvement in policy-making and planning
- Encountering exhausting executive processes
- Having no clear goals and policies
- Not having public awareness towards purposeful aids in the health care system
Suggested strategies - Contributingby the government through programs and interventions in financial affairs of charities
- Granting special taxes and legacy exemptions
- Setting up endowment funds
- Fulfilling scientific management
- Taking over responsibilities for supervising and organizing charities by separate organizations independent of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education
- Giving responsibilities to charities
- Asking charities to play a partin health-related decisions and policies
- Holding various meetings to have appropriate interactions between universities and donors
- Gaining donors’ trust
Main sources of financing charities - Donating from the public
- Generating income by charities
- Granting by the government in the form of special budget lines
- Paying membership fees by clients
Extra-organizational communications of charities - Municipality
- Governorate office
- State Welfare Organization of Iran
- Universities of medical sciences
- Pharmaceutical companies
- Insurance companies
- Ministry of Education
- Endowments and Charity Affairs Organization
How to coordinate activities of charities and other parts of the health care system - Establishing a relationship between insurance companies and the Ministry of Health and Medical Education
- Making governmental managers informed of challenges as well as financing and managerial status of charities
- Establishing a constructive relationship
- Having interactions but no competitions
- Using ideas raised by charitable organizations in health-related decisions and policies