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Table 2 Type of healthcare provider accessed by type of care

From: Health services utilization and out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures in public and private facilities in Pakistan: an empirical analysis of the 2013–14 OOP health expenditure survey

  Type of carea,b
Outpatient Inpatient
(n = 6770) (n = 1199)
Public sector providers
 Community health workers (Lady Health Visitor [LHV]/Nurse, Lady Health Worker [LHW]) 0.1 1.2
 Primary care (Basic Health Unit [BHU], Rural Health Center (RHC), Dispensary/Maternal & Child Health Care Center) 2.7 0.8
 Secondary care (Tehsil Headquarter [THQ]/District Headquarter Hospital [DHQ]) 0.2 0.8
 Tertiary care (Tertiary, teaching or specialized hospital, Government hospital) 12.0 27.8
 Autonomous bodies/semi-government hospital (Military Hospital, Social Security Hospital, & other autonomous bodies) 0.4 0.9
Public sector provider sub-total 15.4 31.5
Private sector providers
 Private Doctor/Clinic 69.4 8.0
 Private Hospital 8.3 51.7
 Traditional modes of care (Homeopath/Hakeem/ Herbalist/Saina /Dai) 5.3 7.5
 Others (Laboratory, Pharmacy/Shops, & other private facilities) 1.5 1.4
Private sector provider sub-total 84.6 68.5
Total 100.0 100.0
  1. aColumn percentages shown
  2. bChi-squared test p < 0.001
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