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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample and their health encounters

From: Health services utilization and out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures in public and private facilities in Pakistan: an empirical analysis of the 2013–14 OOP health expenditure survey

  Outpatient Inpatient/ Delivery
n % n %
Characteristics of the study sample (n = 7878)
Total 6724 85.3 1154 14.6
Age
  0 to 5 years 1226 18.2 76 6.6
  6 to 20 years 1632 24.3 143 12.4
  21 to 40 years 1415 21.1 547 47.4
  41 to 60 years 1701 25.3 248 21.5
  > 60 years 749 11.1 140 12.1
Gender
  Male 2950 43.9 358 31
  Female 3774 56.1 797 69
Household wealth quintile
  Poorest 1097 16.3 145 12.5
  Poorer 1194 17.8 165 14.3
  Middle 1408 20.9 232 20.1
  Richer 1513 22.5 287 24.8
  Richest 1512 22.5 327 28.3
Province
  Punjab 3300 49.1 665 57.6
  Sindh 2384 35.5 252 21.8
  KP 827 12.3 198 17.1
  Balochistan 214 3.2 39 3.4
Region
  Urban 2567 38.2 355 30.7
  Rural 4157 61.8 800 69.3
Household size
  1 to 4 1490 22.2 206 17.8
  5 to 8 3688 54.9 604 52.3
  9 to 12 1171 17.4 247 21.4
  13+ 375 5.6 98 8.5
Characteristics of healthcare encounters (n = 7969)
Total 6770 85.9 1199 15
Type of illness
  Communicable 1108 16.4 150 12.5
  Accident/Injury 112 1.7 71 5.9
  Chronic 1705 25.2 237 19.8
  Childbirth N/A 450 37.5
  Other female reproductive health concerns 319 4.7 55 4.6
  Other 3525 52.1 237 19.7
Sector of care
  Public 1043 15.4 378 31.5
  Private 5728 84.6 821 68.5
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