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Table 2 Regression results regressing traveling status on facility type combinations available where the patient lived (n = 174,498)

From: Post-acute care use patterns among Hospital Service Areas by older adults in the United States: a cross-sectional study

Variables OR Lower Bound, 95% CI Upper Bound, 95% CI p
*Living Combination
IRF-LTCH-SNF Ref.    
SNF-only 5.443 5.318 5.571 < 0.001
LTCH-SNF 4.043 3.835 4.262 < 0.001
IRF-only 6.796 3.754 12.303 < 0.001
IRF-SNF 1.397 1.363 1.432 < 0.001
*Age, yrs
21–64 0.986 0.942 1.033 0.621
65–69 Ref.    
70–74 0.936 0.901 0.971 0.003
75–79 0.856 0.825 0.887 < 0.001
80–84 0.727 0.702 0.754 < 0.001
85+ 0.622 0.601 0.643 < 0.001
*Race
Non-Hispanic White Ref.    
Non-Hispanic Black 1.058 1.027 1.089 0.001
Hispanic 1.138 1.090 1.188 < 0.001
Other 1.333 1.269 1.401 < 0.001
*Sex
Male Ref.    
Female 0.960 0.942 0.978 < 0.001
Stroke Type
Ischemic Ref.    
Hemorrhagic 1.012 0.983 1.043 0.493
*Acute LOS, days
0–3 Ref.    
4–7 1.030 1.010 1.051 0.015
8–11 1.032 1.000 1.065 0.098
12–25 1.089 1.045 1.135 0.001
26+ 1.185 1.038 1.353 0.035
*Dual Eligible
No Ref.    
Yes 0.769 0.752 0.787 < 0.001
*ICU/CCU
No Ref.    
Yes 1.259 1.236 1.283 < 0.001
*Hemiplegia/Hemiparesis 1.191 1.169 1.213 < 0.001
Specified Heart Arrhythmias 0.998 0.978 1.018 0.856
*Diabetes without Complications 0.969 0.949 0.989 0.011
Congestive Heart Failure 0.982 0.960 1.004 0.176
*Acute Renal Failure 1.041 1.015 1.068 0.008
*Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 0.920 0.897 0.943 < 0.001
Vascular Disease 0.994 0.967 1.022 0.715
*Diabetes with Chronic Complications 0.935 0.903 0.969 0.002
*Seizure Disorders and Convulsions 0.916 0.885 0.948 < 0.001
Cardio-Respiratory Failure and Shock 1.003 0.966 1.042 0.881
  1. *Significance at α < 0.05, IRF inpatient rehabilitation facility, LTCH long-term care hospital, SNF skilled nursing facility, LOS length of stay, ICU intensive care unit, CCU coronary care unit