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Table 1 Patient demographics and clinical characteristics by post-acute care service type and traveling status

From: Post-acute care use patterns among Hospital Service Areas by older adults in the United States: a cross-sectional study

  TOTAL COHORT NON-TRAVELERS TRAVELERS
N = 174,498 N = 113,284 N = 61,214
Variables IRF
(n = 76,469)
LTCH
(n = 2289)
SNF
(n = 95,740)
IRF
(n = 43,089)
LTCH
(n = 986)
SNF
(n = 69,209)
IRF
(n = 33,380)
LTCH
(n = 1303)
SNF
(n = 26,531)
Age, yrs
21–64 6378 (8.34) 257 (11.23) 4571 (4.77) 3647 (8.46) 116 (11.76) 3283 (4.74) 2731 (8.18) 141 (10.82) 1288 (4.85)
65–69 9879 (12.92) 276 (12.06) 5987 (6.25) 5378 (12.48) 103 (10.45) 4190 (6.05) 4501 (13.48) 173 (13.28) 1797 (6.77)
70–74 12,662 (16.56) 346 (15.12) 9107 (9.51) 6817 (15.82) 121 (12.270 6478 (9.36) 5845 (17.510 225 (17.27) 2629 (9.91)
75–79 14,052 (18.38) 365 (15.95) 13,443 (14.04) 7684 (17.83) 166 (16.84) 9516 (13.75) 6368 (19.08) 199 (15.27) 3927 (14.80)
80–84 14,578 (19.06) 404 (17.65) 19,269 (45.29) 8330 (19.33) 199 (20.18) 13,937 (20.14) 6248 (18.72) 205 (15.73) 5332 (20.09)
85+ 18,920 (24.74) 641 (28.00) 43,363 (45.29) 11,233 (26.06) 281 (28.50) 31,805 (45.96) 7687 (23.03) 360 (27.63) 11,558 (43.56)
Sex
Male 34,464 (45.01) 1037 (45.30) 34,200 (35.72) 19,006 (44.11) 445 (45.13) 24,670 (35.65) 15,458 (46.31) 592 (45.43) 9530 (35.92)
Female 42,005 (54.93) 1252 (54.70) 61,540 (64.28) 24,083 (55.89) 541 (54.87) 44,539 (64.35) 17,922 (53.69) 711 (54.56) 17,001 (64.08)
Race
Non-Hispanic White 59,198 (77.41) 1531 (66.89) 76,863 (80.28) 32,452 (75.31) 601 (60.95) 55,762 (80.06) 26,746 (80.13) 930 (71.14) 21,101 (79.53)
Non-Hispanic Black 10,517 (13.75) 460 (20.10) 11,817 (12.34) 6755 (15.68) 255 (25.86) 8523 (12.31) 3762 (11.27) 205 (15.98) 3294 (12.42)
Hispanic 4029 (5.27) 207 (9.04) 4097 (4.28) 2422 (5.62) 94 (9.53) 2943 (4.25) 1607 (4.81) 113 (8.67) 1154 (4.35)
Other 2725 (3.56) 91 (3.98) 2963 (3.09) 1460 (3.39) 36 (3.65) 1981 (2.86) 1265 (3.79) 55 (4.21) 982 (3.70)
Acute LOS, days
0–3 31,773 (41.55) 304 (13.28) 28,105 (29.36) 18,755 (43.53) 136 (13.79) 20,941 (30.26) 13,018 (38.99) 168 (12.89) 7164 (27.00)
4–7 34,975 (45.74) 814 (35.56) 46,218 (48.27) 19,233 (44.64) 357 (36.21) 33,376 (48.22) 15,742 (47.16) 457 (35.07) 12,842 (48.40)
8–11 7007 (9.16) 562 (24.55) 13,139 (13.72) 3727 (8.65) 256 (25.96) 9290 (13.42) 3280 (9.83) 306 (23.48) 3849 (14.51)
12–25 2607 (3.41) 549 (23.98) 7662 (8.00) 1324 (3.07) 217 (22.00) 5199 (7.51) 1283 (3.84) 332 (25.48) 2463 (9.23)
26+ 107 (0.14) 60 (2.62) 616 (0.64) 50 (0.12) 20 (2.03) 403 (0.58) 57 (0.17) 40 (3.07) 213 (0.80)
Stroke Type
Ischemic 67,886 (88.76) 1888 (82.48) 84,008 (87.75) 38,617 (89.62) 822 (83.37) 60,897 (87.99) 29,269 (87.68) 1066 (81.81) 23,111 (87.11)
Hemorrhagic 8583 (11.22) 401 (17.52) 11,732 (12.25) 4472 (10.38) 164 (16.63) 8312 (12.01) 4111 (12.32) 237 (18.19) 3420 (12.89)
Dual Eligibility
No 61,999 (81.08) 1528 (66.75) 69,524 (72.62) 34,654 (80.42) 647 (65.62) 49,938 (72.16) 27,345 (81.92) 881 (67.61) 19,586 (73.82)
Yes 14,470 (18.92) 761 (33.25) 26,216 (27.38) 8435 (19.58) 339 (34.38) 19,271 (27.84) 6035 (18.08) 422 (32.39) 6945 (26.17)
ICU/CCU Stay
No 30,764 (40.23) 669 (29.23) 45,996 (48.04) 18,067 (41.93) 287 (29.11) 33,812 (48.85) 12,697 (38.04) 382 (29.32) 12,184 (45.92)
Yes 45,705 (59.77) 1620 (70.77) 49,744 (51.96) 25,022 (58.07) 699 (70.89) 35,397 (51.15) 20,683 (61.96) 921 (70.68) 14,347 (54.08)
Hemiplegia/Hemiparesis
No 40,558 (0.23) 1040 (0.01) 59,791 (0.34) 23,453 (0.21) 448 (0.00) 43,641 (0.39) 17,105 (0.28) 592 (0.01) 16,150 (0.26)
Yes 35,911 (0.21) 1249 (0.01) 35,949 (0.21) 19,636 (0.17) 538 (0.00) 25,568 (0.23) 16,275 (0.27) 711 (0.01) 10,381 (0.17)
Specified Heart Arrhythmias
No 51,415 (0.29) 1241 (0.01) 57,047 (0.33) 29,079 (0.26) 559 (0.00) 41,335 (0.36) 22,336 (0.36) 682 (0.01) 15,712 (0.26)
Yes 25,054 (0.14) 1048 (0.01) 38,693 (0.22) 14,010 (0.12) 427 (0.00) 27,874 (0.25) 11,044 (0.18) 621 (0.01) 10,819 (0.18)
Diabetes without Complications
No 53,213 (0.30) 1601 (0.01) 68,853 (0.39) 29,968 (0.26) 686 (0.01) 49,799 (0.44) 23,245 (0.38) 915 (0.01) 19,054 (0.31)
Yes 23,256 (0.13) 688 (0.00) 26,887 (0.15) 13,121 (0.12) 300 (0.00) 19,410 (0.17) 10,135 (0.17) 388 (0.01) 7477 (0.12)
Congestive Heart Failure
No 59,615 (0.34) 1422 (0.01) 67,193 (0.39) 33,447 (0.30) 628 (0.01) 48,697 (0.43) 26,168 (0.43) 794 (0.01) 18,496 (0.30)
Yes 16,854 (0.10) 867 (0.00) 28,547 (0.16) 9642 (0.09) 358 (0.00) 20,512 (0.18) 7212 (0.12) 509 (0.01) 8035 (0.13)
Acute Renal Failure
No 65,731 (0.38) 1617 (0.01) 77,179 (0.44) 37,012 (0.33) 698 (0.01) 55,983 (0.49) 28,719 (0.47) 919 (0.02) 21,196 (0.35)
Yes 10,738 (0.06) 672 (0.00) 18,561 (0.11) 6077 (0.05) 288 (0.00) 13,226 (0.12) 4661 (0.08) 384 (0.01) 5335 (0.09)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
No 65,273 (0.37) 1736 (0.01) 78,892 (0.45) 36,725 (0.32) 751 (0.01) 56,980 (0.50) 28,548 (0.47) 985 (0.02) 21,912 (0.36)
Yes 11,196 (0.06) 553 (0.00) 16,848 (0.10) 6364 (0.06) 235 (0.00) 12,229 (0.11) 4832 (0.08) 318 (0.01) 4619 (0.08)
Vascular Disease
No 67,123 (0.38) 1918 (0.01) 82,866 (0.47) 37,732 (0.33) 823 (0.01) 59,891 (0.53) 29,391 (0.48) 1095 (0.02) 22,975 (0.38)
Yes 9346 (0.05) 371 (0.00) 12,874 (0.07) 5357 (0.05) 163 (0.00) 9318 (0.08) 3989 (0.07) 208 (0.00) 3556 (0.06)
Diabetes with Chronic Complications
No 69,908 (0.40) 2004 (0.01) 87,549 (0.50) 39,152 (0.35) 858 (0.01) 63,351 (0.56) 30,756 (0.50) 1146 (0.02) 24,198 (0.40)
Yes 6561 (0.04) 285 (0.00) 8191 (0.05) 3937 (0.03) 128 (0.00) 5858 (0.05) 2624 (0.04) 157 (0.00) 2333 (0.04)
Seizure Disorders and Convulsions
No 71,994 (0.41) 1996 (0.01) 87,469 (0.50) 40,527 (0.36) 848 (0.01) 63,312 (0.56) 31,467 (0.51) 1148 (0.02) 24,157 (0.39)
Yes 4475 (0.03) 293 (0.00) 8271 (0.05) 2562 (0.02) 138 (0.00) 5897 (0.05) 1913 (0.03) 155 (0.00) 2374 (0.04)
Cardio-Respiratory Failure and Shock
No 72,323 (0.41) 1650 (0.01) 88,099 (0.50) 40,772 (0.36) 711 (0.01) 63,792 (0.56) 31,551 (0.52) 939 (0.02) 24,307 (0.40)
Yes 4146 (0.02) 639 (0.00) 7641 (0.04) 2317 (0.02) 275 (0.00) 5417 (0.05) 1829 (0.03) 364 (0.01) 2224 (0.04)
  1. Numbers listed are n (%) by facility type, IRF inpatient rehabilitation facility, LTCH long-term care hospital, SNF skilled nursing facility, LOS length of stay, ICU intensive care unit, CCU coronary care unit