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TABLE 1 UNIT COSTS

From: Cost of childhood acute otitis media in primary care in the Netherlands: economic analysis alongside a cluster randomised controlled trial

Resources Unit Cost estimate Source
$§
Health care costs
 Direct costs
  GP consultation consultation 33.76 38.11 ZIN guideline
  GP home visit consultation 51.16 57.75 ZIN guideline
  GP telephone consultation 17.39 19.63 ZIN guideline
  OPD visit visit 81.85 92.39 ZIN guideline
  ED visit visit 264.99 299.10 ZIN guideline
  Admission day 453.25 511.59 ZIN guideline
  Pharmacist fee prescription 12.28 13.86 ZIN guideline
 Prescription medication
  Antibiotics
   Amoxicillin prescription 3.43 3.87 www.medicijnkosten.nl
   Amoxicillin-clavulanate prescription 3.43 3.87 www.medicijnkosten.nl
   Azitromycin prescription 3.97 4.48 www.medicijnkosten.nl
   Cotrimoxazole prescription 2.81 3.17 www.medicijnkosten.nl
   Clarithromycin prescription 9.51 10.73 www.medicijnkosten.nl
  Ear drops
   Otalgan® bottle 10.99 12.40 www.medicijnkosten.nl
   Sofradex® bottle 10.56 11.92 www.medicijnkosten.nl
   Ofloxacin bottle 0.50 0.56 www.medicijnkosten.nl
   Bacicoline B drops bottle 14.70 16.59 www.medicijnkosten.nl
 Intervention costs patient 50.85 57.40 collective labour agreement for GPs
Patient and family costs
 Travel expenses     
  Fuel costs kilometer 0.19 0.21 ZIN guideline
  Parking costs visit 3.07 3.47 ZIN guideline
 Over-the-counter medication     
  Paracetamol 1000 mg 1.41 1.59 www.medicijnkosten.nl
  Ibuprofen 1000 mg 2.50 2.82 www.medicijnkosten.nl
  Otalgan® bottle 10.99 12.40 www.medicijnkosten.nl
  Xylometazoline nasal spray bottle 2.08 2.35 retail prices**
  Otrivin® nasal spray bottle 4.59 5.18 retail prices**
  Sodium chloride nasal spray bottle 2.95 3.33 retail prices**
  Complementary medicine* bottle 4.95–14.35 5.59–16.20 retail prices**
  Cough syrup bottle 10.95 12.36 retail prices**
 Childcare costs one hour 14.32 16.16 ZIN guideline
Productivity loss
 Productivity costs father one hour 38.78 43.77 iPCQ questionnaire
 Productivity costs mother one hour 32.33 36.49 iPCQ questionnaire
 Unpaid work one hour 14.32 16.16 iPCQ questionnaire
  1. ED: emergency department; GP: general practitioner, iPCQ: iMTA Productivity Cost Questionnaire, mg: milligrams, OPD: out-patient department; ZIN: Zorginstituut Nederland (Netherlands Health Institute)
  2. § currency conversion as of July 6th, 2020 (1 euro = 1.12872 USD, www.xe.com/ucc)
  3. one or two units per patient, depending on weight
  4. calculated as one-hour GP wage costs (time spent on the training) times the number of GPs in intervention group times printing costs, divided the number of patients included in the intervention group
  5. * full display of prices of specific complementary medicine products is available online in Supplement Table 1
  6. ** prices are based on retail prices of the most used retailers in the Netherlands: Albert Heijn, Etos, Kruidvat and DA. Available from www.ah.nl, www.kruidvat.nl and www.da.nl