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Table 4 Counseling Documentation

From: Impact of pharmacist-conducted anticoagulation patient education and telephone follow-up on transitions of care: a randomized controlled trial

Variable Pharmacist counseled
n = 100
Standard of care
n = 100
P-value
Learner specifieda 97 34 < 0.001
 Patient 82 34 < 0.001
 Family member 77 20 < 0.001
 Other 1 0 0.014
Counseling method specifiedb 97 33 < 0.001
 Verbal education 97 33 < 0.001
 Written educational material 95 0 < 0.001
Language of written education material
 Arabic 18 2 < 0.001
 English 40 10 < 0.001
 Not documented 42 88 < 0.001
Response of patient documented 100 33 < 0.001
 Patient verbalized understanding 100 33 < 0.001
 Patient needs reinforcement; re-evaluate education at another time 2 1 0.014
 Instructions declined 1 0 0.014
Documented barriers to learning 65 33 < 0.001
 Age-related 6 0 < 0.001
 Cognitive 2 0 0.007
 Emotional 1 0 0.014
 Hearing 1 0 0.014
 No Barrier 84 33 < 0.001
Elements of patient education    
 Rationale for therapy 92 5 < 0.001
 Dosing 91 5 < 0.001
 Monitoring 91 5 < 0.001
 INR (for patients receiving Vitamin K antagonist) 33 2 < 0.001
 Duration of therapy 82 5 < 0.001
 Administration 92 5 < 0.001
 Importance of compliance 94 5 < 0.001
 Missed dose 91 5 < 0.001
 Storage 88 5 < 0.001
 Drug-drug interaction 88 5 < 0.001
 Drug-food interaction 88 5 < 0.001
 Signs and symptoms of bleeding 90 5 < 0.001
 Reversal agent 32 2 < 0.001
 Precautions 93 5 < 0.001
 Patient communication with healthcare provider 41 1 < 0.001
Discharge medications documented in chart 94 84 0.024
Informed patient about next appointment date with physician 31 52 < 0.001
Time of next appointment (mean in days, +/− SD) 15.00 +/− 12.49 17.67 +/− 14.53 0.341
  1. a The values add up to more than 100% since more than one learner can exist for each counseling session (i.e. patient and family)
  2. b The values add up to more than 100% since more than one counseling method can be used in each counseling session (i.e. verbal education and written education material)
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