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Table 2 Descriptive Characteristics of currently married women with most recent birth in Nigeria, Guinea, Mali, Zambia (DHS 2018)

From: Examining barriers to healthcare access and utilization of antenatal care services: evidence from demographic health surveys in sub-Saharan Africa

Variable Nigeria
(N=6761)
Mali
(N=1973)
Guinea
(N=1690)
Zambia
(N=1570)
n(%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Demographic
Number of antenatal visits
  <  8 5555(82.2) 1903(96.5) 1642(97.2) 1547(98.5)
  ≥ 8 1206(17.8) 69(3.5) 48(2.8) 23(1.5)
Time of first antenatal visit
  ≤ 3 months of gestation 1188(17.6) 701(35.5) 445(26.3) 604(38.5)
  >  3 months of gestation 5573(82.4) 1272(64.5) 1245(73.6) 966(61.5)
Age at child birth (years)
  < 19 614(9.1) 246(12.5) 233(13.8) 171(10.9)
  20–24 1530(22.6) 498(25.2) 357(21.1) 420(37.6)
  25–29 1966(29.1) 516(26.2) 461(27.3) 371(23.6)
  30–34 1402(20.7) 362(18.4) 314(18.6) 307(19.5)
  35–39 848(12.5) 254(12.9) 211(12.5) 211(13.4)
  ≥40 399(5.9) 97(4.9) 114(6.8) 90(5.8)
Place of residence
  Urban 2511(37.1) 391(19.8) 432(25.6) 513(32.7)
  Rural 4250(62.9) 1582(80.2) 1258(74.4) 1057(67.4)
Religion
  Christians 2298(34.0) 62(3.1) 158(9.3) 1531(97.5)
  Muslims 4424(65.4) 1827(92.6) 1502(88.9) 13(0.8)
  Others 40(0.6) 84(4.3) 30(1.8) 26(1.7)
Birth order
  1–2 2384(35.3) 643(32.6) 573(33.9) 598(38.1)
  3–4 1946(28.8) 578(29.3) 565(33.4) 460(29.3)
  ≥5 2430(36.0) 753(38.1) 552(33.7) 511(32.6)
Pregnancy wanted
  No (later/no more) 764(11.3) 347(17.6) 272(16.1) 557(35.5)
  Yes 5997(88.7) 1626(82.4) 1418(83.9) 1013(64.5)
Polygyny
  Monogamous 4728(69.9) 1303(66.1) 1038(61.4) 1397(89.0)
  Polygamous as first wife 743(11.0) 254(12.9) 220(13.0) 69(4.4)
  Polygamous as 2nd or more 1290(19.1) 416(21.0) 433(25.6) 104(6.6)
Wealth quintiles
  Poorest 1440(21.3) 417(21.2) 451(26.7) 405(25.8)
  Poorer 1563(23.1) 432(21.9) 379(22.5) 377(24.0)
  Middle 1434(21.2) 424(21.5) 337(19.9) 301(19.2)
  Richer 1250(18.5) 360(18.3) 318(18.8) 227(14.5)
  Richest 1074(15.9) 339(17.2) 205(12.1) 260(16.5)
Covered by health insurance
  No 6624 (98.0) 1875(95.0) 1673(99.0) 1537(97.9)
  Yes 137 (2.0) 98(5.0) 17(1.0) 33.2(2.1)
Husband level of education
  No education 2515(37.2) 1396(70.8) 1254(74.2) 103(6.6)
  Primary 871(12.9) 218(11.1) 114(6.8) 583(37.2)
  Secondary 2311(34.2) 265(13.4) 210(12.4) 749(47.5)
  Higher 1063(15.7) 94(4.8) 111(6.6) 138(8.8)
Difference in age between husband and wife
  Wife older or same age 104(1.5) 34(1.7) 25(1.5) 77(4.9)
  Husband 1–5 years older 1627(24.1) 417(21.1) 273(16.2) 849(54.1)
  Husband 6–10 years older 2445(36.2) 663(33.6) 530(31.3) 480(30.6)
  Husband >  10 years older 2585(38.2) 860(43.6) 862(51.0) 164(10.5)
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