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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of sample (n = 567)

From: A national cross-sectional survey of the attitudes, skills and use of evidence-based practice amongst Spanish osteopaths

Characteristic Frequency, n (%)
Age, n (%)
 18–20 years 3 (0.5)
 20–29 years 23 (4.1)
 30–39 years 187 (33.0)
 40–49 years 168 (29.6)
 50–59 years 30 (5.3)
 60–69 years 10 (1.8)
 70+ years 1 (0.2)
 Missing 145 (25.6)
Sex, n (%)
 Male 267 (47.1)
 Female 155 (27.3)
 Missing 145 (25.6)
Osteopathy professional association membership, n (%)
 Not a member of an Osteopathy professional association 185 (32.6)
 Registry of Osteopaths of Spain 103 (18.2)
 Registry of Osteopathic Physiotherapists of Spain 85 (15.0)
 Other Osteopathy professional association 43 (7.6)
 Missing 151 (26.6)
Highest qualification, n (%)
 Diploma 82 (14.5)
 Bachelor degree 27 (4.8)
 Master’s degree 215 (37.9)
 PhD 46 (8.1)
 Other 52 (9.2)
 Missing 145 (25.6)
Years since receiving highest qualification, n (%)
  < 1 year 42 (7.4)
 1–5 years 150 (26.5)
 6–10 years 94 (16.6)
 11–15 years 59 (10.4)
 16+ years 76 (13.4)
 Missing 146 (25.7)
Other non-osteopathic qualifications, n (%)
 Degree in Physiotherapy 374 (66.0)
 Diploma/Degree in other health-related field 31 (5.5)
 Degree in Medicine 5 (0.9)
 Degree in Nursing or Podiatry 5 (0.9)
 Missing 152 (26.8)
Years practiced in the field of osteopathy, n (%)
  < 1 year 6 (1.1)
 1–5 years 78 (13.8)
 6–10 years 136 (24.0)
 11–15 years 95 (16.8)
 16+ years 16 (18.7)
 Missing 146 (25.7)
Hours per week in clinical (osteopathic) practice, n (%)
 0 h 5 (0.9)
 1–15 h 47 (8.3)
 16–30 h 150 (26.5)
 31–45 h 177 (31.2)
 46+ hours 42 (7.4)
 Missing 146 (25.7)
Hours per week participating in research, n (%)
 0 h 162 (28.6)
 1–15 h 248 (43.7)
 16–30 h 9 (1.6)
 31–45 h 2 (0.4)
 46+ hours 0 (0.0)
 Missing 146 (25.7)
Hours per week working in the higher education sector, n (%)
 0 h 189 (33.3)
 1–15 h 97 (17.1)
 16–30 h 59 (10.4)
 31–45 h 29 (5.1)
 46+ hours 47 (8.3)
 Missing 146 (25.7)
Clinical setting in which osteopathy was predominantly practiced, n (%)
 Solo practice 235 (41.4)
 With a group of allied health providers 87 (15.3)
 With a group of complementary and allied health providers 41 (7.2)
 With conventional and allied health providers 37 (6.5)
 Within a clinical institution (e.g. hospital) 12 (2.1)
 Within an educational institution (e.g. university) 6 (1.1)
 Missing 149 (26.3)
Geographical region of practice, n (%)
 City (Central business district) 246 (43.4)
 Inner city location 88 (15.5)
 Rural location 43 (7.6)
 Outer city location 39 (6.9)
 Missing 151 (26.6)
  1. CAM Complementary and alternative medicine
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