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Table 2 Background Characteristics of the Sick Newborn

From: Impact of free newborn care service package on out of pocket expenditure‐evidence from a multicentric study in Nepal

Variables Before FNC (n = 353) After FNC (n = 1122) Total
(n = 1475)
p-value
Maternal age 23.65 ± 4.01 24.09 ± 4.49 23.98 ± 4.38  
 20–35 254 (72.0 %) 818 (72.9 %) 1072 (72.7 %)  
 < 20 96 (27.2 %) 285 (25.4 %) 381 (25.8 %) 0.56
 ≥ 35 3 (0.8 %) 19 (1.7 %) 22 (1.5 %) 0.28
Education
 Secondary and above 266 (75.4 %) 717 (63.9 %) 983 (66.6 %)  
 Illiterate 19 (5.4 %) 94 (8.4 %) 113 (7.7 %) 0.02
 Literate 31 (8.8 %) 137 (12.2 %) 168 (11.4 %) 0.02
 Basic education 37 (10.5 %) 174 (15.5 %) 211 (14.3 %) 0.004
Ethnicity
 Dalit 47 (13.3 %) 174 (15.5 %) 221 (15.0 %) 0.06
 Janjati 102 (28.9 %) 308 (27.5 %) 410 (27.8 %) 0.18
 Madhesi 15 (4.2 %) 94 (8.4 %) 109 (7.4 %) 0.003
 Muslim 6 (1.7 %) 38 (3.4 %) 44 (3.0 %) 0.03
 Chhetri/Brahmin 160 (45.3 %) 460 (41.0 %) 620 (42.0 %) 0.24
 Others 23 (6.5 %) 48 (4.3 %) 71 (4.8 %)  
Parity (previous birth)
 Primipara (1) 126 (35.7 %) 422 (37.6 %) 548 (37.2 %)  
 Nullipara (0) 77 (21.8 %) 347 (30.9 %) 424 (28.7 %) 0.07
 Multipara (2–5) 150 (42.5 %) 353 (31.5 %) 503 (34.1 %) 0.01
Neonatal Morbidity
 HIE 89 (25.2 %) 275 (24.5 %) 364 (24.7 %) 0.54
 NNS 114 (32.3 %) 310 (27.6 %) 424 (28.7 %) 0.14
 HBL 11 (3.1 %) 31 (2.8 %) 42 (2.8 %) 0.60
 MAS 21 (5.9 %) 82 (7.3 %) 103 (7.0 %) 0.61
 RDS 6 (1.7 %) 42 (3.7 %) 48 (3.3 %) 0.11
 Others 112 (31.7 %) 382 (34.0 %) 494 (33.5 %)  
Birth Weight
 2500–4000 241 (68.3 %) 770 (68.6 %) 1011 (68.5 %)  
 < 2500 103 (29.2 %) 334 (29.8 %) 437 (29.6 %) 0.91
 ≥ 4000 9 (2.5 %) 18 (1.6 %) 27 (1.8 %) 0.26
Gestational Age
 37–42 weeks 211 (59.8 %) 680 (60.6 %) 891 (60.4 %)  
 < 37 weeks 113 (32.0 %) 383 (34.1 %) 496 (33.6 %) 0.71
 ≥ 42 weeks 29 (8.2 %) 59 (5.3 %) 88 (6.0 %) 0.06
  1. *cOR crude Odds Ratio
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